Limit test is defined as quantitative or semi quantitative test designed to identify and control small quantities of impurity which is likely to be present in the substance. Limit test is generally carried out to determine the inorganic impurities present in compound.
Limit test of heavy metals is based on the reaction of metallic impurities with hydrogen sulfide in acidic medium to form colored solution. Metals that response to this test are lead, mercury, bismuth, arsenic, antimony, tin, cadmium, silver, copper, and molybdenum.
Learn the limit test for Heavy Metals by four different methods. The limit for heavy metals is indicated in the individual monographs in terms of ppm, i.e., the parts of lead, Pb, per million parts (by weight) of the substance under examination.