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Pharmaceutics:- 1 MCQs Question with Answers

Pharmaceutics Question Bank (MCQ) with Answer

1. To identify the emulsion type, which of the following tests are conducted?
a. Dilution test
b. Dye test
c. Conductivity test
d. All

2. Which of the following is not used as an emulsifying agent?
a. Surfactant
b. Hydrophilic colloid
c. Electrolytes
d. Finely divided solids

3. Which of the following is not a semisolid dosage form?
a. Paste
b. Creams
c. Ointments
d. Suspensions

4. Generally pastes contain
a. High percentage of insoluble solids
b. Low percentage of insoluble solids
c. Both
d. None

5. Which of the following hydrocarbon waxes are employed in the manufacture of creams and ointments?
a. Paraffin wax
b. Ceresin
c. Both
d. None

6. Which of the following polyols used as humectants in creams?
a. Glycerine
b. Propylene glycol
c. Sorbitol 70%
d. All the above

7. In the preparation of vanishing creams, which types of bases are used
a. Absorption bases
b. Water removable bases
c. Hydrocarbon bases
d. None

8. In the preparation of cold creams, which types of bases are used generally?
a. Absorption bases
b. Water removable bases
c. Hydrocarbon bases
d. None

9. Water soluble bases are also known as
a. Greasy ointment bases
b. Greaseless ointment bases
c. Both
d. None

10.A suppository is generally intended for use in
a. Rectum
b. Vagina
c. Urethra
d. All the above

11.Vaginal suppositories also called as
a. Pessaries
b. Simple suppositories
c. Bougies
d. None

12.Which of the following method is used to manufacture suppositories
a. Hand molding
b. Compression molding
c. Pour molding
d. All the above

13.Which of the following is most commonly used suppository base
a. Cocoa butter
b. PEG 1000
c. PEG + Hexanetriol
d. None

14.Cocoa butter available in following forms
a. α-form
b. β-form
c. γ-form
d. All

15.The solidification point of cocoa butter lies between
a. 12 – 13oC
b. 20 – 30oC
c. 5 – 10oC
d. None

16.Which of the following method is simple & oldest method of preparation of suppositories?
a. Pour molding
b. Hand molding
c. Compression molding
d. All the above

17.Suppositories are generally evaluated by
a. Melting range test
b. Breaking test
c. Liquefaction
d. All the above

18.Who is the father of medicine………
a. Ebers
b. Hippocrates
c. Egyptian
d. Pontus

19.The first edition of IP was published in …
a. 1965
b. 1975
c. 1955
d. 1985

20.The “Pharmacy Act” came in force in ….
a. 1947
b. 1948
c. 1949
d. 1950

21.Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) was established in …..
a. 1947
b. 1948
c. 1949
d. 1950

22.What is USP?
a. The United States Pharmacology
b. The United States Pharmacy
c. The United States Pharmacopoeia
d. The United States Pharmaceuticals

23.Drugs converted to suitable form are known as….
a. Excipient
b. Source of drug
c. Dosage form
d. API

24.Every dosage form is a combination of drug and different kind of non-drug components called…..
a. Additives
b. Non-Additives
c. New chemical entity
d. All of these

25.Simple syrup is a saturated solution of…
a. Sucrose
b. Fructose
c. Dextrose
d. None of these

26.When two or more drugs are used in combination to increase the
pharmacological action, the phenomenon is known as ……….
a. Synergism
b. Tolerance
c. Potentiation
d. Idiosyncrasy

27.When the action of the drug is opposed by the other drug, the
phenomenon is known as
a. Antagonism
b. Analgesics
c. Addition
d. Antioxidant

28.Is the state of psychic and physical drug dependence
a. Habituation
b. Addiction
c. Anxiety
d. Tolerance

29.Acute tolerance is also known as…….
a. Addiction
b. Idiosyncrasy
c. Tachyphylaxsis
d. Habituation

30.A genetically determined abnormal or unusual response to a drug is…
a. Idiosyncrasy
b. Tolerance
c. Genetic polymorphism
d. Salicylism

31.Powders used for external use are …
a. Dusting powder
b. Bulk powder
c. Divided powder
d. Effervescent powders

32.Bulk powders are …..
a. Potent
b. Non-potent
c. Both a and b
d. None

33.Powders are more stable than …….
a. Syrup
b. Tablet
c. Capsule
d. Elixirs

34.The component present in solution in small quantity is known as…..
a. Solvent
b. Solution
c. Solute
d. Liquid

35.The component present in solution in large quantity is known as.
a. Solvent
b. Solution
c. Solute
d. Liquid

36.Throat paints are liquid preparations.
a. Viscous
b. Non viscous
c. Solid
d. Gas

37.The syrup is a nearly saturated solution of …….
a. Sucrose
b. Sorbitol
c. Glycerine
d. PEG

38.The syrup is in nature.
a. Aqueous
b. Non aqueous
c. Gas
d. Solid

39.Which of the following is not monophasic liquid dosage form……?
a. Solution
b. Gargles
c. Suspension
d. Enemas

40.Elixirs are ……
a. Hydro alcoholic liquid
b. Aqueous
c. Viscous
d. Semi solids

41. is not a type of syrup.
a. Simple syrup
b. Medicated syrup
c. Flavored syrup
d. Mixed syrup

42.Liniments must not be applied on the ……skin
a. Swelled
b. Broken
c. Painful
d. Normal

43.Enemas are administered ……
a. Rectally
b. Orally
c. Parenteral
d. Externally

44.Buffering agent is also called as ……….
a. Sweetening agent
b. Thickening agent
c. pH modifiers
d. Wetting agent

45.Suspending agent imparts …
a. Solubility
b. Viscosity
c. Absorption
d. Wetting

46.The prescription is an order written by a registered medical practitioner to………
a. Patient
b. Pharmacist
c. Compounder
d. Nurse

47.In which language the abbreviations in the prescription writing is very common especially in dosage Instruction
a. Latin
b. Greek
c. French
d. German

48.The prescription must be received and checked by the …..
a. Physician
b. Patient
c. Nurse
d. Pharmacist

49.The superscription is represented by a symbol….
a. Rx
b. Dc
c. Doc
d. Ph

50.In the day of mythology, the symbol Rx was considered as a prayer to
a. Jupiter
b. Jesus
c. Neptune
d. Dhanvantari

51.The abbreviation of Latin word Rx is ……
a. You take
b. To make
c. To sold
d. To use

52.The part of the prescription called inscription contains
a. Name and quantity of ingredients
b. Name, Age
c. Signature, Address
d. Registration number and Patient information

53.The last item written in the inscription is …
a. Vehicle, Diluent
b. Active ingredients
c. Medicament
d. Quantity

54.The part of prescription called subscription contains
a. Direction to the pharmacist
b. Direction to the patient
c. Direction to the patient’s relatives
d. All of these.

55.Posology is a branch of pharmacy which deals with,
a. Study of dosage forms
b. Study of doses
c. Study of drug interaction
d. All of the above

56.Pediatric doses are lesser than normal doses because,
a. Of their lower body size.
b. Of their lesser body weight
c. Their immunity system is not well developed
d. Immature state of their hepatic and renal function by which drugs are inactivated and eliminated from the body

57.Drug dosage may require adjustment from the usual adult dose for abnormally lean or obese patients because,
a. Normal doses are considered suitable for 70 kg (150 pounds) individuals.
b. The ratio between the amount of drug administered and the size of the body influences the drug concentration at the site of action.
c. Both a & b are right statements
d. Both a & b are wrong statements.

58.Drugs have to be given cautiously to females in…..
a. Pregnancy
b. Lactation
c. Menstruation
d. All of the above

59. The policy to avoid tolerance development is,
a. Initiating therapy with the lowest effective dose
b. Avoiding prolonged administration
c. Only “a”
d. Both a & b.

60. Some drugs are advised before meals to,
a. Avoid dose dumping.
b. Avoid interaction with food.
c. Improve absorption.
d. Both B & C

61.Drug interactions may be “Beneficial”.
a. True.
b. False.

62.A lesser dose is required if the drug is given by,
a. Oral route.
b. Topical route.
c. Intravenous route.
d. None of the above.

63.Reduction in particle size increases absorption because it,
a. Reduces interaction with food molecules.
b. Increases interaction with food molecules.
c. Reduces effective surface area.
d. Increases effective surface area.

64.The schedule of dosing ( four times a day, two times a day etc.) is called,
a. Dose inspection.
b. Dose regimen.
c. Dose calibration.
d. All of the above.

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65.Doses of children’s are calculated by Young’s formula, which formula is right.
a. Adult Dose (mg/day) x [Age / (Age+12)]
b. Adult Dose (gm/day) x [Age / (Age+24)]
c. Adult Dose (mg/day) x [Wt in Kg / (Age+12)]
d. Adult Dose (mg/day) x [Wt in Kg / (Age+24)]

66.Clark’s formula to calculate pediatric dose uses body wt in pounds, which of the following formula is correct representation,
a. Adult Dose (gm/day) x (Child Weight in Lbs /150)
b. Adult Dose (mg/day) x (Child Weight in Lbs /150)
c. Adult Dose (mg/day) x (Child Weight in Lbs /250)
d. Adult Dose (gm/day) x (Child Weight in Lbs /250)

67.Pediatric dose can be calculated by considering child’s,
a. Age.
b. Body Weight.
c. Body Surface area
d. All of the above.

68.The date on prescription tells us,
a. Date of writing the prescription
b. Date of presentation of prescription.
c. Name of patient
d. Both a & b.

69.There are……….types of Incompatibilities.
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4

70.Liquefaction is the example of…………..incompatibility
a. Immediate
b. Delayed
c. Instantaneous
d. Both A and B

71.Physical change may almost be…………
a. Visible
b. Invisible
c. Turbid
d. No change

72.When substances with low melting points such as camphor ae triturated together a liquid mixture is formed the phenomenon is called ——
a. Liquefaction
b. Insolubility
c. Herapath formation
d. Eutectic mixture formation

73.Strategy to correct eutectic mixture formation is,
a. Dispense ingredients separately
b. Mix ingredients separately with suitable adsorbent like kaolin and finally mix together.
c. Both A & B
d. Only B

74.Immiscibility of oil and water can be overcome by,
a. Formulating an emulsion
b. Formulating suspension
c. Formulating an insufflation
d. Formulating an elixir

75.Chemical incompatibility can be intentional i.e. a prescriber knowingly gives incompatible drugs, or unintentional i.e. prescriber does not know that the drugs are incompatible.
a. True
b. False

76.Chemical incompatibility in which change in formulation is needed is
called as,
a. Tolerated incompatibility
b. Adjusted incompatibility.

77.Chemical incompatibility which can be reduced by using dilute solutions or simply changing the order of mixing is called,
a. Tolerated incompatibility.
b. Adjusted incompatibility.

78.In the mixing of thymol and menthol the following type of incompatibility occurs,
a. Chemical incompatibility
b. Therapeutic incompatibility
c. Physical incompatibility
d. Tolerance incompatibility.

79.What type of emulsion is a w/o/w emulsion?
a. Primary emulsion
b. Micro-emulsion
c. Multiple-emulsion
d. Monoemulsion

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80.The tail of a surfactant molecule is oil-loving or known as ________?
a. Hydrophilic
b. Lipophobic
c. Lipophilic
d. Hydrophilic

81.Oil and Water is an example of a(n)…
a. Suspension
b. Emulsion
c. Colloid
d. Solution

82.In the stability of emulsion, which important instability step should be
a. Breaking
b. Coalescence
c. Flocculation
d. Creaming

83.Dye test which is used to identify type of emulsion in that which dye is used?
a. Scarlet red
b. Scarlet green
c. Crystal violet
d. Methylene blue

84.In conductivity test, if bulb glows on passing electric current so what would be the type of emulsion?
a. W/O emulsion
b. O/W emulsion
c. Micro emulsion
d. Multiple emulsion

85.In micro emulsion, the size of globules are__
a. 1 um
b. 0.1 um
c. 0.01 um
d. 10 um

86.If viscosity of continuous phase increase so creaming __
a. No change
b. Increase
c. Decrease
d. None of the above

87.In case of coalescence ____
a. Dispersed droplet does not fuse
b. Globules size decrease
c. No of globules increase
d. Dispersed droplets tend to fuse

88.In case of O/W emulsion, creaming takes place at______
a. Down side
b. Upside
c. At interface between two phase
d. None of the above

89.Which of the following is not an example of a water-in-oil emulsion?
a. Cod liver oil
b. Butter
c. Cold cream
d. Milk

90.What is the difference between vanishing cream and cold cream?
a. Both are examples of oil-in-water emulsions
b. Vanishing cream is an oil-in-water emulsion whereas cold cream is a water-in-oil emulsion
c. Vanishing cream is a water-in-oil emulsion whereas cold cream
is an oil-in-water emulsion
d. Both are examples of water-in-oil emulsions

91.Which of the following is not a method to test the type of emulsion?
a. Microscopic method
b. Conductance method
c. Coagulation method
d. Dye method

92.Which of the following statements regarding emulsions is false?
a. Emulsions cannot be separated into their constituent liquids
b. Emulsions show Brownian motion
c. Emulsions show Tyndall effect
d. Emulsions exhibit properties like Electrophoresis and Coagulation

93.What is the dispersion of a liquid in another liquid called?
a. Gel
b. Foam
c. Emulsion
d. Aerosol

94.The particle size in suspension is
a. less than 103 nm
b. 102 nm
c. Greater than 103
d. 10 nm

95.Creaming is?
a. Reversible
b. Irreversible
c. Both
d. Difficult to predict

96.Upward creaming is observed in?
a. W/O
b. O/W
c. Both
d. Micro

97.Pharmaceutical suspensions are generally…
a. Flocculated
b. De-flocculated
c. Both
d. None

98.Rate of sedimentation is high in?
a. Flocculated
b. De-flocculated
c. Both
d. None

99.Cake formation is characteristic feature _
a. Flocculated
b. De- flocculated
c. Thixotropic suspension
d. Structured suspension

100. For Ideal suspension ,the sedimentation volume should be
a. Zero
b. Equal to one
c. More than one
d. Less than one

101. Suppository bases ___
a. Maintain shape
b. Helps in insertion into the body cavity
c. Theobroma oil is example
d. All of the above

102. Which of the following is NOT an ideal property of bases?
a. Shall be non-irritant
b. Shall not interfere in release
c. Shall be compatible with drugs
d. None of the above

103. Which of the following is an advantage of suppositories?
a. Need to store at low temp.
b. Cost-expensive
c. Drug may be degraded by microbial
d. Can be given to unconscious patient

104. Which of the following is an example of Hydrophilic bases?
a. Hydrogenated oils
b. Emulsified cocoa butter
c. Glycero-gelatin base
d. None of the above

105. Which of the following is an example of Oily bases?
a. Witespol
b. Emulsified cocoa butter
c. Glycero-gelatin base
d. Massupol

106. Which of the following is an example of Synthetic base?
a. Witespol
b. Emulsified cocoa butter
c. Glycero-gelatin base
d. Hydrogenated oils

107. Which of the following is NOT an example of Hydrophilic bases?
a. Soap-glycerin base
b. Emulsified cocoa butter
c. Glycero-gelatin base
d. None of the above

108. Which of the following is substitute for Theobroma oil?
a. Hydrogenated oils
b. Emulsified cocoa
c. Polyethylene-Glycol
d. None

109. _______ Powders consist of more than one ingredient.
a. Simple powders
b. Compound powders
c. Both
d. None of the above

110. Which of the following step in the preparation of powders is very often used?
a. Preparation of wrapping paper
b. Preparation of material
c. Wrapping
d. Double wrapping

111. _______ Powder must be sterile.
a. Medical Powder
b. Surgical powder
c. Both a and b
d. None of the above

112. _______ are the finely divided powder meant for introduction into
the body cavities.
a. Dusting powder
b. Insufflation
c. Inhalation
d. Medical powder

113. _______ contains one water molecule that acts as binder in fusion method for making effervescent granules.
a. Citric Acid
b. Tartaric Acid
c. Benzoic Acid
d. All of the above

114. Methods of granules formation
a. Spatulation
b. Fusion method
c. Wet method
d. Both b and c

115. Bases that are water-washable, non-greasy, can be diluted with water, non-occlusive
a. Water soluble Bases
b. Water insoluble bases
c. Emulsifiable base
d. Water removable base

116. From the below options which will be the most widely used form of dosage?
a. Emulsion
b. Solutions
c. Tablets
d. Powders

117. Elixir contain
a. 40% glycerol
b. 5-40% alcohol
c. 66.7% sucrose
d. None of these

118. Gargles must be _______ before use
a. Concentrated
b. Warmed
c. Diluted
d. Cooled

119. Mandl’s Paint is also known as:
a. Compound Iodine throat paint
b. Aqueous Iodine solution
c. Strong Iodine solution
d. Lugol’s solution

120. BID in pharmaceutical terms refers to which of the following?
a. Twice a day
b. Twice
c. Every other day
d. Three times a day

121. Latin term “Infricandus” means the following dosage form,
a. to be sprayed on be rubbed in
c. to be swallowed
d. to be eaten

122. Latin term “inhalateur” means the following,
a. To be rubbed
b. To be inhaled
c. To be applied
d. To be swallowed

123. Latin term “Utendus” means the following,
a. To be used
b. Not to be used

124. Latin term “talis / tales / talia” means the following,
a. Such
b. Till
c. For
d. All of the above

125. Latin term “mitte” means the following,
a. Urgent
b. Send
c. Immediate
d. Attention

Subject:- Pharmaceutics 1 MCQs with Answer

Sem 1 MCQs with Answers