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Pharmacology & Toxicology MCQs Question Bank

Pharmacology & Toxicology
Mcq Question Bank

1.Examples of Oral hypoglycemic agents
(a) Crystal violet
(b) Phenol
(c) Metformin
(d) alcohol

2.Examples of Antiseptics
(a) pioglitazone
(b) gliclazide
(c) Tolbutamide
(d) Boric acid

3.Examples of Haematinics
(a) Atenolol
(b) Losartan
(c) folic acid
(d) Methyldopa

4.Examples of Miotics
(a) Iron
(b) pilocarpine
(c) Vit B12
(d) Clonidine

5.Examples of Analgesics
(a) Meclozine
(b) Paracetamol
(c) Promethazine
(d) Diphenhydramine

6.Examples of Carminatives
(a) Ephedrine
(b) Phenylephrine
(c) Oxymetazoline
(d) Peppermint oil

7.Examples of Disinfectants
(a) Formaldehyde
(b) Ginger tincture
(c) Cinchocaine
(d) Procaine

8.Examples of Antiarrhythmic agents
(a) Quinidine
(b) Procainamide
(c) Propranolol
(d) All of the above

9.Examples of Anthelmintic
(a) Pyrantel pamoate
(b) Lignocaine
(c) Phenytoin
(d) All of the above

Mention the drug of choice in the following condition

10. Leukemia
(a) Mannitol
(b) Chlorambucil
(c) Acetazolamide
(d) Folic acid

11.Syphilis
(a) Physostigmine
(b) Timolol
(c) tetracycline
(d) Pilocarpine

12.Glaucoma
(a) Betaxalol
(b) doxycycline
(c) Penicillin
(d) Busulfan

Mention adverse effect of each of the following drug

13.Streptomycin
(a) dry mouth
(b) skin rash
(c) sedation
(d) All of the above

14.Diphenhydramine
(a) Mental clouding
(b) Gastrointestinal upset
(c) Blurred vision
(d) None of the above

15.Phenformin
(a) anorexia
(b) Euphoria
(c) addiction
(d) dermatitis

16.Morphine
(a) Ototoxicity
(b) nephrotoxicity
(c) teratogenicity
(d) Respiratory depression

17.Adverse effect Quinine sulphate
(a) stomach cramps
(b) skin rash
(c) mental depression
(d) weight gain

18.Adverse effect Streptomycin
(a) nightmares
(b) optic neuritis
(c) hypotension
(d) deafness

19.Symptoms of belladonna poisoning
(a) Dryness of mouth
(b) increase in body temp
(c) weak pulse
(d) All of the above

20.Treatment of belladonna poisoning
(a) The patient should be kept in dark quiet room
(b) Cold sponging or ice bags are applied for reducing body temperature
(c) Catheterization in case of urine retention
(d) All of the above

21.Therapeutic use of Griseofulvin
(a) As nasal decongestants
(b) As antifungal
(c) Thrombolytic agent
(d) As anthelmintic

22.Therapeutic uses of penicillin
(a) Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
(b) Left ventricular failure
(c) Useful in streptococcal, pneumococcal, staphylococcal infections
(d) Atrial flutter

23.Therapeutic Uses Of digitalis:
(a) Useful in treatment of venereal diseases like Syphilis, Gonorrhoea.
(b) Used in Meningitis, endocarditis ,rheumatic heart condition
(c) Useful in treatment of respiratory tract infections Pneumonia, Pharyngitis, Diphtheria etc.
(d) Congestive cardiac failure

24.Advantages of oral route
(a) Self-medication is possible
(b) No complications
(c) It is simple and most convenient
(d) All of the above

25.Advantages of Intravenous route of administration of drugs.
(a) Useful in case of Vomiting, diarrhoea
(b) Useful for Unconscious or uncooperative patients
(c) Provides rapid onset of action
(d) All of the above

26.Disadvantages of Intravenous route of administration of drugs.
(a) The irritant and unpalatable drugs can’t be given
(b) Once injected, drugs can’t be withdrawn.
(c) Few drugs which cannot be absorbed from GIT are not given by this route
(d) Drugs which get degraded in GIT can’t be given .

27.Uses of Streptomycin
(a) Antimalarial agent
(b) Antihypertensive
(c) Antibacterial agent
(d) None of the above

28.Uses of Reserpine
(a) Antibiotic
(b) Tranquilizer
(c) Meningitis
(d) Dysentery

Mention antidotes in case of poisoning due to

29.Atropine
(a) Nalorphine
(b) Physostigmine
(c) Both (a) & (b)
(d) None of the above

30.Organophosphorus compounds
(a) Atropine Sulphate
(b) Pralidoxime
(c) Naloxone
(d) Both (b) & (c)

31.Drug used in treatment of Grandmal epilepsy
(a) Phenytoin
(b) Clonazepam
(c) Valproic acid
(d) Divalproex

32.Drug used in treatment of Petit Mal epilepsy
(a) Phenobarbitone
(b) Trimethadione
(c) Phenytoin
(d) All of the above

33.Drug used in treatment of Myoclonic jerking
(a) Diazepam
(b) Ethosuximide
(c) Phenobarbitone
(d) Clonazepam

34.Drug used in treatment of Status Epilepticus
(a) Clonazepam
(b) Diazepam
(c) Phenobarbitone
(d) None of the above

State Whether the following statements are True or False

35.Oral hypoglycemic agents are the agents which are used to prevent or inhibit the growth of microorganisms and can be applied to living tissues.
(a) True
(b) False
Oral hypoglycemic agents are the pharmacological agents used in treatment of diabetes mellitus,are given by oral route & help in lowering elevated blood sugar level.

36.Antiseptics are the pharmacological agents used in treatment of diabetes mellitus,are given by oral route & help in lowering elevated blood sugar level.
(a) True
(b) False
Antiseptic are the agents which are used to prevent or inhibit the growth of microorganisms and can be applied to living tissues.

37.Flush is redness at the site of application because of hyperemia.
(a) True
(b) False

38.Diuretics Are the agents used to correct cardiac arrhythmia i.e. disturbance in cardiac rhythm.
(a) True
(b) False
Diuretics are the pharmacological agents which when administered, increase rate of formation of urine as well as excretion of urine.

39.Patch formation in the vicinity of 1.5 cm of flush occurs due to vasodilation & this is called flare.
(a) True
(b) False

40.Antiarrhythmic agents are the pharmacological agents which when administered, increase rate of formation of urine as well as excretion of urine.
(a) True
(b) False
Antiarrhythmic agents are the agents used to correct cardiac arrhythmia i.e. disturbance in cardiac rhythm.

41.Analgesics are the agents which reduce the elevated body temperature.
(a) True
(b) False
Analgesics are the drugs which are used for suppression of pain.

42.Antipyretics are the drugs which are used for suppression of pain.
(a) True
(b) False
Antipyretics are the agents which reduce the elevated body temperature.