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Anatomy & Physiology ( Part-1 ) MCQs with Answers


1. Atmospheric pressure is important in the process of:
A. Blood flow
B. Micturition
C. Breathing
D. Reproduction

2. The carbon atom is important in bioscience because we are all:
A. Breathing carbon dioxide
B. Carbon-based entities
C. Made up entirely of organic molecules
D. Made up only of metal elements

3. Nucleic acids consist of:
A. Organic molecules
B. Inorganic molecules
C. Inorganic salts
D. Hormones

4. S.I. units are standardised:
A. Units of molecules
B. Units of cells
C. Units of substances
D. Units of measurements

5. The science of ___is concerned with the structure of the human body.
A) Biology
B) Physiology.
C) Anatomy
D) Embalming

6. The chemical formula 2H + 2H = 2O gives us 2 molecules of:
A. A monosaccharide
B. A lipid
C. Water
D. Air

7. In adult males, the percentage of water found in the body is:
A. 65%
B. 60%
C. 55%
D. 78%

8. Which substance forms approximately 20% of air?
A. Carbon dioxide
B. Nitrous oxide
C. Oxygen
D. Hydrogen

9. How many oxygen atoms are found in one molecule of carbonic acid?
A. 1 B. 2
C. 3 D. 4

10. Proteins are synthesised (built up) from:
A. Carbohydrates
B. Lipids
C. Hormones
D. Amino acids

11. Which of the following hormones regulate fluid balance?
A. erythropoietin
B. antidiuretic hormone
C. rennin
D. oestrogen

12. Oedema may result from:
A. lymphatic blockage
B. hypertension
C. drinking large amount of beer
D. diabetes insipidus

13. The plasma membrane of a human cell is:
A. membrane that contains pili on its cell surface
B. double layer of carbohydrate enclosing the cell
C. single layered cell membrane
D. double layer of phospholipids

14. Plasma membrane proteins on a cell will transport:
A. oxygen into the cell
B. carbon dioxide into the cell
C. molecules through the cell membrane
D. all of the above

15. Cells are composed of:
A. carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen
B. hydrogen, carbon, sodium, and potassium
C. sodium, potassium, calcium and hydrogen
D. nitrogen, oxygen, calcium and carbon

16. The movement of fluid between compartments is regulated by:
A. osmotic and hydrostatic pressures
C. glomerular filtration rate
D. parathyroid hormone

17. Active transport system utilises:
B. hydrogen ions
C. acid-bicarbonate buffer system
D. phosphate buffer

18. Hyponatraemia is:
A. low sodium
B. low potassium
C. low chloride
D. red blood cell count

19. Pinocytosis means cells:
A. producing energy
B. drinking water
C. going through mitosis
D. replicating

20. The fluid portion of the blood is:
A. caffeine
B. cytosol
C. lymph
D. plasma

21. One purpose of lymph nodes is to:
A. Trap macrophages
B. Trap antigens
C. Trap antibodies
D. Trap hormones

22. Cytokines are chemical messengers which:
A. Promote inflammation
B. Kill infecting microorganisms
C. Produce antibodies
D. Cause pain

23. Phagocytosis takes place in:
A. Red blood cells
B. Lymphocytes
C. Neutrophils
D. Platelets

24. The thymus is where T-cell lymphocytes:
A. Recognise the body’s own cells
B. Produce antibodies
C. Phagocytose antigens
D. Become NK cells

25. Examples of opsonins are:
A. Complement factors; antigens
B. Eosinophils; phagocytes
C. Antibodies; antigens
D. Complement factors; immunoglobulins

26. Histamine causes:
A. The death of infectious microorganisms
B. Some of the signs and symptoms of inflammation
C. Some of the functions of T-cell lymphocytes
D. The bonding of T-cell lymphocytes to infectious microorganisms

27. B-cell lymphocytes mature in the:
A. Brain
B. Bone marrow
C. Thymus
D. Blood

28. A role of immunoglobulin G (IgG) is to:
A. Activate the complement system
B. Activate the T-cell lymphocytes
C. Activate the kinin system
D. Activate the process of inflammation

29. The lag phase of the primary immune response to infection can occur after between:
A. 1-5 days
B. 307 days
C. 1-10 days
D. 5-10 days

30. Passive immunisation is the process of:
A. Being immunised whilst asleep
B. Letting someone immunize you
C. Producing your own antibodies
D. Receiving antibodies from an immune person

31. Which of the following are functions of epithelial tissue?
A. Absorption
B. Protection
C. Secretion
D. All of the above

32. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Squamous epithelial cells are cube shaped
B. Stratified epithelium consists of a single layer of cells
C. Stratified cuboidal epithelial will have multiple layers of cells
D. Simple columnar epithelium consists of flat and scale like cells

33. Which of these statements are false?
A. Endocrine glands secrete their products internally
B. Multicellular exocrine glands consist of a single cell type
C. Goblet cells are unicellular exocrine glands
D. Tubular exocrine glands are found in the digestive system

34. Which is the most abundant tissue in the human body?
A. Epithelial
B. Connective
C. Muscle
D. Nervous

35. Within connective tissue what is the function of the extracellular matrix?
A. To ensure connective tissue can bear weight and withstand tension
B. Filter blood and remove waste products
C. Transmit impulses through connective tissue
D. Analyse levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide

36. Which of the following is not a type of loose connective tissue
A. Areolar
B. Reticular
C. Adipose
D. Irregular

37. Which of the following membranes is also referred to as the serosa?
A. Mucous
B. Serous
C. Dense
D. Synovial

38. Which of the following statements on muscle tissue is true?
A. Smooth muscle is striated
B. Skeletal muscle is voluntary
C. Cardiac muscle is non-striated
D. Smooth muscle is in-voluntary

39. Which tissue type has the greatest capacity to regenerate?
A. Muscle
B. Epithelial
C. Nervous
D. Connective

40. Scar tissue formation is also known as….
A. Fibrosis
B. Granulation
C. Mitosis
D. Necrosis

41. The eccrine glands secrete:
A. Sebum
B. Sweat
C. Melanine
D. Hormones

42. The correct term for containing sample of skin for histological examination is called a:
A. Surgical shave
B. Biopsy
C. Aspiration
D. Injection

43. Which of the following term refs to a fungal infection of the foot (athlete’s foot):
A. Impetigo
B. Acne
C. Tinea pedis
D. Scabies

44. What does the Rule of Nines refer to?
A. A chart used to assess the total body surface area burned
B. An allergy test
C. A tool used to assess a person’s eye sight
D. A test used to work out a person’s nutritional status

45. Eschar refers to:
A. Loss of skin elasticity
B. A dry scab or slough formed on the skin as a result of a burn
C. An area of red skin
D. Excessive sweating

46. Ultra Violet rays can:
A. Help to diagnose skin cancer
B. Do no harm to the skin
C. Will cause no pain
D. Can penetrate and change skin cells

47. The majority of melanomas are caused by:
A. Exposure to ultra violet light
B. A poor diet
C. Excess fatty tissues
D. Lack of vitamin D

48. Who should be more careful in the sun?
Those with fair hair, red, or blonde hair
Those people aho moles or/and freckles
People who are dehydrated
All of the above

49. What is the Waterlow score?
A. A risk assessment tool
B. tool used to calculate the patient’s hydration status
C. scoring system used after treatment for acne
D. A tool used in determining how thick the skin of patient is

50. What does the term diaphoresis mean?
A. Excessive production of sebum
B. Excessive production of sweat
C. Excessive skin shedding
D. Excessive production of tears


img 20210524 0717054855161691763239702 Anatomy & Physiology ( Part-1 ) MCQs with Answers