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Antihypertensive Drug classification and Structures.

  1. Antihypertensive agents • Diuretics – Thiazides: Hydrochlorothiazide, Chlorthalidone, Indapamide – High ceiling: Furosemide, Torsemide, ethacrynic acid. – K+ Sparing: Spironolactone, Amiloride • ACE inhibitors – Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Perindopril, Ramipril, Fosinopril, etc. • Angiotensin (AT1 receptor) blockers: Losartan, Candesartan, Irbesartan, Valsartan, Telmisartan • Direct renin inhibitor: Aliskiren • β Adrenergic blockers: Propranolol, Metoprolol, Atenolol, etc.
  2. anti hypertensive drug classification with structure
  3. Antihypertensive agents • Calcium channel blockers – Verapamil, Diltiazem, Nifedipine, Felodipine, Amlodipine, Nitrendipine, Lacidipine, etc. • β + α Adrenergic blockers: Labetalol, Carvedilol • α Adrenergic blockers: Prazosin, Terazosin, Doxazosin, Phentolamine, Phenoxybenzamine • Central sympatholytics: Clonidine, Methyldopa • Vasodilators – Arteriolar: Hydralazine, Minoxidil, Diazoxide – Arteriolar + venous: Sodium nitroprusside • Others: Adrenergic neurone blockers (Reserpine, Guanethidine, etc.), Ganglion blockers (Pentolinium, etc.)

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