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pharmacyTopic wise MCQs

Antihypertensive Drugs MCQs

Antihypertensive Drugs MCQs With Answers

1. Which percentage of hypertensive patients experience essential hypertension?
a. 55%.
b. 65%.
c. 75%.
d. 85%.

2. Secondary hypertension does NOT arise from which etiology?
a. Unknown.
b. Renal disease.
c. Vascular disease.
d. Pheochromocytoma.

3. Which drug class has been shown to have an added renoprotective effect in the diabetic patient?
a. Renin inhibitors.
b. Angiotensin receptor antagonists.
c. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs).
d. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

4. Which antihypertensive drug is an α-adrenergic and β-adrenergic receptor blocker?
a. Labetalol.
b. Tolazoline.
c. Propranolol.
d. Methyldopa.

5. Reserpine, guanethidine, and guanadrel diminish which substance from adrenergic nerve endings?
a. Na+.
b. Renin.
c. Angiotensin II.
d. Norepinephrine.

6. Which direct-acting vasodilator is used topically to treat alopecia and baldness?
a. Minoxidil.
b. Diazoxide.
c. Hydralazine.
d. Nitroprusside.

7. Antihypertensive drugs that promote Na+ and water retention are often combined with which drug type to overcome this effect?
a. Diuretics.
b. Direct-acting vasodilators.
c. β-Adrenergic receptor blockers.
d. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

8. Which over-the-counter analgesic has the LEAST potential for reducing the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors?
a. Aspirin.
b. Naproxen.
c. Ibuprofen.
d. Acetaminophen.

9. Which agent is contraindicated for use in patients with hypertension?
a. Topical anesthetics.
b. 2% lidocaine with 1 : 100,000 epinephrine.
c. Epinephrine-impregnated retraction cord.
d. 3% mepivacaine (without vasoconstrictor).

10. Which is the appropriate initial therapy for hypertension?
a. Low dose of thiazide diuretic.
b. Combination therapy of diuretics with ACE inhibitors.
c. Hydralazine and β-adrenergic receptor blocker combination.
d. Centrally acting antihypertensives, with a calcium channel blocker (CCB), and a diuretic combination.