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Biotechnology Unit:- 1 Notes


Biotechnology is a branch of biology involving the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine, and other fields using bioproducts. The term biotechnology indicates the use of living organisms or their products for modifying the human health and environment.
The field of biotechnology has been further expanded by a host of new molecular inventions, which permit making unique changes to the living systems.
Transgenic plants and animals are widely used in agricultural field; in humans; devastating diseases are being treated by gene therapy; and in the environment, biotechnology is used in water and land management and also in the management of pollution resulting from over-industrialisation. Therefore, biotechnology is a collection of biological, chemical, and engineering disciplines with various uses in agricultural, medical, industrial and environmental situations

 Brief introduction to Biotechnology with reference to Pharmaceutical
 Enzyme Biotechnology – Methods of enzyme immobilization and applications.
 Biosensors- Working and applications of biosensors in Pharmaceutical
 Brief introduction to Protein Engineering.
 Use of microbes in industry. Production of Enzymes – General
consideration – Amylase, Catalase, Peroxidase, Lipase, Protease,
 Basic principles of genetic engineering