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Introduction & Cell, Tissue MCQs with Answer

Introduction & Cell, Tissue MCQs with Answers

1 : Which field, when compared to the others, tends to rely more on experimentation to find new answers?
a. anatomy
b. physiology
c. medical terminology
d. history of science

2 : Select the correct statement about the science of anatomy.
a. Our knowledge of human anatomy has remained the same since the time of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
b. Anatomy is concerned with the function of body parts.
c. Anatomy is concerned with the structure of body parts.
d. The functional role of a body part has little to do with how the part is constructed.

3 : Which one of the following traits is not a characteristic of life shared by all organisms?
a. circulation
b. digestion
c. growth
d. photosynthesis

4 : All organisms share a set of basic requirements. These include all of the following, with the exception of _____________, which is not required by all organisms, even if it is present in many.
a. carbon dioxide
b. oxygen
c. pressure
d. food and water

5 : Most of the body’s homeostatic mechanisms operate by negative feedback, although a few function through positive feedback. Choose the example from the list below that operates by positive feedback.
a. Blood pressure that has dropped too low is caused to increase.
b. A baby suckling at the breast stimulates greater milk production.
c. Maintenance of a constant body temperature is accomplished through sweating or shivering.
d. Regulation of glucose levels in the blood requires the actions of two pancreatic hormones, insulin and glucagon.

6 : Which of the following is the most complex level of organization?
a. organ system
b. macromolecule
c. organ

d. organelle

7 : Skin or bone is an example of what level of organization?
a. tissue
b. cell
c. macromolecule
d. organ

8 : The ______________ of the body includes the head, neck, and trunk.
a. dorsal cavity
b. appendicular portion
c. ventral cavity
d. axial portion

9 : The _____________ cavity is the portion enclosed by the pelvic bones.
a. abdominopelvic
b. pelvic
c. abdominal
d. thoracic

10 : The lungs are covered by a membrane called the _______________.
a. parietal pleura
b. visceral pleura
c. parietal pericardium
d. peritoneum

11 : The ____________ system is responsible for transporting fluid and also houses the body’s disease-fighting cells.
a. integumentary
b. cardiovascular
c. lymphatic
d. digestive

12 : The ______________ system includes all the glands that secrete hormones.
a. muscular
b. lymphatic
c. nervous
d. endocrine

13 : The lower arm is _____________ to the stomach area, while the head is ________________ to the stomach.
a. medial; peripheral
b. proximal; anterior
c. lateral; superior
d. inferior; superficial

14 : A ______________ section divides the body into right and left portions.
a. coronal
b. transverse
c. sagittal
d. oblique

15 : The human liver is primarily located in the _____________________.
a. right upper quadrant of the abdominal area
b. left lower quadrant of the abdominal area
c. right iliac region
d. left hypochondriac region

16 : Anatomy is a term which means the study of _____.
a. physiology
b. morphology
c. cell functions
d. human functions

17 : A study dealing with the explanations of how an organ works would be an example of_____.
a. anatomy
b. cytology
c. teleology
d. physiology

18 : What is the smallest level of organization considered to be living?
a. cell
b. organelle
c. tissue
d. system

19 : Which of the following includes the other terms?
a. cell
b. tissue
c. system
d. organ

20 : Which of the following terms means the same as ventral in humans?
a. dorsal
b. posterior
c. medial
d. anterior

21 : A tumor on the side of the abdomen can be described as being on the _____ surface of the body.
a. anterior

b. lateral
c. medial
d. posterior

22 : The chin can be described as being on the _____ surface of the skull.
a. inferior
b. lateral
c. superior
d. ventral

23 : Which of the following means the same as frontal?
a. transverse
b. coronal
c. sagittal
d. occipital

24 : Which of the following terms cannot be properly paired?
a. cranial, skull
b. frontal, forehead
c. nasal, buccal
d. orbital, eyes

25 : Which of the following pairs of terms is not correct?
a. ophthalmic, eyes
b. pectoral, chest
c. axillary, armpit
d. costal, abdomen

26 : Which of the following means the same as lower back?
a. lumbar
b. pelvic
c. inguinal
d. gluteal

27 : Which term refers to the back of the knee?
a. perineal
b. popliteal
c. pelvic
d. pedal

28 : Branched nerve fibers that convey impulses toward the cell body of a neuron are called _____________.
a. axons
b. dendrites
c. axon collaterals
d. axon terminals

29 : Myelin sheaths on the outsides of many axons are contributed by ______________.
a. the axon itself
b. secretory vesicles
c. Schwann cells
d. the cell bodies of the neuron

30 : A neuron with many nerve fibers arising from its cell body and that carries impulses away from the brain would be classified as __________________.
a. multipolar
b. bipolar
c. unipolar and sensory
d. multipolar and motor

31 : Which types of neurons are likely to increase muscular activities?
a. accelerator neurons
b. inhibitory neurons
c. bipolar neurons
d. sensory neurons

32 : At resting potential, the ion distribution inside and outside of a neuron is such that __________ ions are most abundant on the outside of the cell, while __________ ions are most abundant on the inside of the cell.
a. potassium; sodium
b. sodium; potassium
c. calcium; phosphate
d. sulfate; potassium

33 : In response to a stimulus, if the membrane potential becomes more negative than the resting potential, we say the membrane is _______________.
a. hyperpolarized
b. depolarized
c. unpolarized
d. polarized

34 : When a neuron reaches action potential, it depolarizes and repolarizes in an amount of time on the order of ________________.
a. seconds
b. milliseconds
c. microseconds
d. nanoseconds

35 : Select the incorrect statement about nerve impulse conduction.
a. Saltatory conduction involves Schwann cells and occurs at greater speed than on unmyelinated fibers.
b. Nerve impulses occur in an all-or-none manner.
c. The neuron cannot be stimulated during the absolute refractory period

d. The strength of impulses carried along a single nerve fiber can vary with the strength of their stimulus.

36 : Excessive sleeping is most likely due to the presence of too much of which neurotransmitter?
a. GABA
b. norepinephrine
c. serotonin
d. dopamine

37. Which structure within the cell produces ATP (adenosine triphosphate)?
A. the mitochondria
B. the nucleus
C. peripheral proteins
D. the endoplasmic reticulum

38. Which of the following is NOT a component of the cell plasma membrane?
A. cholesterol
B. proteins
C. microfilaments
D. phospholipids

39. Which list below contains the four types of tissue?
A. extracellular fluid, skeletal tissue, glandular tissue, connective tissue.
B. extracellular fl uid, muscle tissue, glandular tissue, cartilaginous tissue.
C. neural tissue, skeletal tissue, epithelial tissue, cartilaginous tissue.
D. Neural tissue, muscle tissue, epithelial tissue, connective tissue.

40. Except for one, the following are types of cells. Which one is NOT a type of cell?
A. platelets
B. leucocytes
C. macrophages
D. osteoblasts

41. In which part of a cell does the process of making ATP from oxygen and glucose take place?
A. lysosomes
B. ribosomes
C. mitochondria
D. golgi apparatus

42. Which of the following is a function of membrane proteins?
A. to process lipids and proteins for secretion through the plasma membrane
B. to act as receptors for hormones
C. to synthesise proteins from amino acids
D. to act as a cytoskeleton to support and shape the cell

43. What is the difference between simple squamous cells and simple columnar cells?
A. squamous cells are flattened while columnar cells are taller than they are
wide.
B. simple squamous cells are one layer thick while simple columnar cells are
several layers thick.
C. simple squamous cells are epithelial tissue while simple columnar cells are
connective tissue.
D. squamous cells are fl attened while columnar cells are cuboidal.

44. Which of the following is NOT an example of a cell?
A. macrophages
B. lysosomes
C. plasmocytes
D. chondroblasts

45. Which cell organelles contain an acidic environment capable of digesting a wide variety of molecules?
A. Lysosomes
B. Ribosomes
C. Centrosomes
D. Golgi complex

46. Which form of transport through the plasma membrane requires the expenditure of energy by the cell?
A. Facilitated diffusion
B. Osmosis
C. Active transport
D. Diffusion

47. Which of the tissue types below consists of a single layer of cells?
A. stratifi ed squamous epithelial tissue
B. glandular epithelium
C. areolar connective tissue
D. simple columnar epithelial tissue

48. One of the following is NOT a serous membrane. Which one?
A. pleura
B. peritoneum
C. mucosa
D. pericardium

49. Which of the following is NOT made predominantly from epithelial tissue?
A. In the dermis
B. In exocrine glands
C. In endocrine glands

D. In the endothelium of blood vessels

50. What are tendons and ligaments composed of?
A. Dense connective tissue
B. Liquid connective tissue
C. Muscular tissue
D. Epithelial tissue

51. What is the composition of the intercellular matrix in connective tissue?
A. Cells and fibres
B. Serous and mucus membranes and lamina propria
C. Protein fibres and ground substance
D. Interstitial fluid

52. Which statement about the plasma membrane is INCORRECT ?
A. It is selectively permeable.
B. It is composed of two layers of glycoprotein molecules.
C. It contains receptors for specifi c signalling molecules.
D. The plasma membranes of adjacent cells are held together by desmosomes.

53. Which of the following is NOT epithelial tissue?
A. the epidermis
B. glandular tissue
C. the internal lining of blood vessels
D. the dermis

54. Which of the following is NOT a cell found in connective tissue?
A. adipocytes
B. chondroblasts
C. keratinocytes
D. osteoblasts

55. What tissue has cells that are closely packed and that have one surface attached to a basement membrane and the other free to a space?
A. epithelial tissue
B. muscle tissue
C. connective tissue
D. nervous tissue

56. What is the name of the mechanism that ensures that there is a higher concentration of sodium ions in the extracellular fluid than in the intracellular fluid?
A. Facilitated diffusion
B. The sodium-potassium pump
C. Secondary active transport
D. Osmosis

57. What are lysosomes, centrosomes and ribosomes example of?

A. stem cells
B. organelles within a cell
C. sensory receptors in the dermis
D. exocrine glands

58. What does simple columnar epithelial tissue refer to? Tissue with
A. a single layer of cells longer than they are wide.
B. a single layer of cells whose length, breadth and depth are about the same size.
C. several layers of cells, all of the same type.
D. several layers of cells but without a basement membrane.

59. Which of the following is NOT an example of connective tissue?
A. blood
B. bone
C. tendon
D. epidermis

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60. What is the function of phospholipids in the plasma membrane?
A. to maintain the intracellular fluid at a similar composition to that of the interstitial fluid.
B. to form channels to selectively allow passage of small molecules.
C. to act as receptors for signalling chemicals.
D. to present a barrier to the passage of water-soluble molecules.

61. Which one of the following cell types is found in epithelial tissue?
A. plasma cells
B. leucocytes
C. keratinocytes
D. chondroblasts

62. Which of the following is NOT part of the plasma membrane of a cell?
A. integral proteins
B. glycoproteins
C. plasma proteins
D. peripheral proteins

63. A major role for mitochondria is to
A. transcribe the information in DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
B. produces ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
C. synthesize proteins from amino acids
D. use enzymes to lyse molecules

64. Choose the tissue below that is one of the four primary types of body tissue.
A. epidermal tissue
B. epithelial tissue
C. interstitial tissue
D. osseous tissue

65. What are the primary types of tissue in the body?
A. Muscle, nervous, connective and epithelial
B. Muscle, nervous, connective, osseous and epithelial
C. Muscle, nervous, connective, osseous, blood and epithelial
D. Muscle, nervous, connective, glandular and epithelial

66. What is the name of the membrane that surrounds the lungs?
A. visceral peritoneum
B. parietal peritoneum
C. visceral pleura
D. dura mater

67. What is a role performed by mitochondria?
A. contain enzymes capable of digesting molecules
B. produce ATP
C. synthesise proteins
D. synthesise fatty acids, phospholipids & cholesterol

68. Which of the following is NOT found in the plasma membrane?
A. proteins
B. cholesterol
C. endoplasmic reticulum
D. phospholipids

69. Which one of the following cell types is found in epithelial tissue?
A. mast cells
B. adipocytes
C. chondroblasts
D. keratinocytes

70. Which of the following is NOT part of the plasma membrane of a cell?
A. phospholipid
B. glycoprotein
C. chromatin
D. cholesterol

71. A major role for mitochondria is to
A. synthesise fatty acids, phospholipids & steroids
B. deliver lipids and proteins to plasma membrane for secretion
C. synthesise proteins from amino acids
D. produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate)

72. Choose the tissue below that is NOT one of the four primary types of body
tissue.
A. connective tissue

B. muscular tissue
C. nervous tissue
D. osseous tissue

73. What is the purpose of mitochondria?
A. to store the nucleolus and chromatin
B. to produce adenosine triphosphate
C. to support and shape the cell.
D. they produce enzymes to break down molecules

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74. The plasma membrane of a cell contains molecules that have a hydrophobic end and a hydrophilic end What are they called?
A. phospholipids
B. cholesterol
C. integral proteins
D. glycoproteins

75. Adipocytes are found in which type of tissue?
A. muscle tissue
B. epithelial tissue
C. nervous tissue
D. connective tissue

76. What is the role of mitochondria? To:
A. function in cell division
B. synthesise proteins
C. form part of the plasma membrane
D. synthesise fatty acids, phospholipids and steroids.

77. Which one of the following cell types is found in epithelial tissue?
A. mast cells
B. adipocytes
C. chondroblasts
D. melanocytes

78. What is the difference between “loose” connective tissue (CT) and “dense” connective tissue?
A. Fibres occupy most of the volume in dense CT
B. Dense CT includes cartilage, loose CT does not.
C. Loose CT has a good blood supply while dense CT does not.
D. Loose CT has no fi bres (and dense CT does).

79. Facilitated diffusion refers to the process of
A. movement along a concentration gradient assisted by protein carrier molecules.
B. movement of ions and molecules along a concentration gradient.
C. transport of molecules and ions against their concentration gradient.
D. water movement through a semi-permeable membrane

80. What do fi broblasts, chondroblasts, osteoblasts and haemocytoblasts have in common?
A. they are all types of white blood cell.
B. they are all macrophages.
C. they are all immature cells.
D. they are all types of epithelial cell.

81. Which is NOT true of connective tissue (CT)?
A. the cells are closely packed
B. the tissue contains protein fi bres and ground substance.
C. types include loose CT, dense CT and liquid CT.
D. CT contains white blood cells.

82. Active transport across the plasma membrane may be described by which statement?
A. active transport requires energy from ATP.
B. active transport is also known as endocytosis.
C. active transport moves molecules along their concentration gradient.
D. active transport is the movement of lipid-soluble molecules through the plasma membrane.

83. Which of the following cell types denotes an immature cell?
A. macrophages
B. monocytes
C. osteoblasts
D. ribosomes

84. Choose the membrane that is NOT a serous membrane.
A. pleura
B. peritoneum
C. pericardium
D. lamina propria

85. Which organelle is the site of ATP production?
A. the nucleus
B. endoplasmic reticulum
C. mitochondria
D. golgi apparatus

86. Which of the following is ONE major function of epithelial cells?
A. movement
B. secretion
C. support of other cell types
D. transmit electrical signals

87. What are the major types of tissue in the body?
A. nervous, muscle, epithelial, connective.

B. squamous, cuboidal, columnar, transitional.
C. osteocytes, chondrocytes, leucocytes, adipocytes.
D. protein, adipose, cartilage, osseous.

88. Which of the following is NOT one of the organelles within a cell?
A. desmosome
B. endoplasmic reticulum
C. mitochondrion
D. golgi apparatus

89. Which list contains the main body tissue types?
A. glandular, connective, osseous, nervous
B. epithelial, nervous, connective, muscle.
C. endothelial, connective, muscle, cartilaginous
D. epithelial, cartilaginous, muscle, glandular

90. The process of “diffusion” through a membrane may be described by which of the following?
A. the movement of ions and molecules away from regions where they are in high concentration towards regions where they are in lower concentration.
B. the use of energy from ATP to move ions and small molecules into regions where they are in lower concentration.
C. the plasma membrane engulfs the substance and moves it through the membrane.
D. the use of energy from ATP to move water molecules against their concentration gradient.

91. The process of “active transport” through a membrane may be described by which of the following?
A. the movement of ions and small molecules away from regions where they are in high concentration.
B. the use of energy from ATP to move ions and small molecules into regions where they are in lower concentration.
C. the plasma membrane engulfs the substance and moves it through the membrane.
D. the use of energy from ATP to move ions and small molecules against their
concentration gradient.

92. Which of the following is the smallest living structural unit of the body?
A. atom
B. molecule
C. organelle
D cell

93. Which of the following enables ions such as sodium to cross a plasma membrane?
A. phospholipid bilayer
B. peripheral proteins
C. integral proteins
D. desmosomes

94. Cell membranes can maintain a difference in electrical charge between the interior of the cell and the extracellular fl uid. What is this charge difference called?
A. excitability
B. the membrane potential
C. the action potential
D. the sodium-potassium pump

95. The resting membrane potential of a cell is the consequence of which of the
following concentrations of ions?
A. High K + and Cl − outside the cell and high Na + and large anions inside the cell.
B. High K + and Na + outside the cell and high Cl − and large anions inside the cell.
C. High Cl − and Na + outside the cell and high K + and large cations inside the cell.
D. High Ca 2+ and Na + outside the cell and high K + and large cations inside the cell.

96. What is one function of mitochondria? To
A. produce enzymes to break down molecules
B. produce molecules of ATP
C. hold adjacent cells together
D. allow passage of molecules through the plasma membrane

97. Membrane proteins perform the following functions EXCEPT one. Which One?
A. form the glycocalyx
B. act as receptor proteins
C. form pores to allow the passage of small solutes
D. behave as enzymes.

98. Facilitated diffusion differs from active transport because facilitated diffusion:
A. requires energy from ATP
B. moves molecules from where they are in lower concentration to higher concentration
C. moves molecules from where they are in higher concentration to lower concentration.
D. involves ions & molecules that pass through membrane channels.

99. Which of the following is NOT a connective tissue?
A. blood
B. mesothelium
C. fat
D. tendon

100. The cells that are found in tendons are called:
A. osteocytes
B. adipocytes
C. haemocytoblasts
D. fibroblasts

101. Which one of the following terms best describes the structure of the cell membrane:
A. fluid mosaic model

B. static mosaic model
C. quaternary structure
D. multilayered structure

102. Which one of the following terms best describes a phospholipid. It consists of a:
A. polar head and polar tail
B. non-polar head and a polar tail
C. polar head and non-polar tail
D. non-polar head and a non-polar tail

103. One of the functions of integral proteins in cell membranes is to:
A. maintain the rigid structure of the cell
B. support mechanically the phospholipids
C. interact with the cytoplasm
D. form channels for transport functions

104. Which one of the following best describes what a cell membrane consists of?
A. lipids, proteins, ribosomes
B. lipids, cholesterol, proteins
C. cholesterol, proteins, cytoplasm
D. lipids, proteins, cytoplasm

More Link

Human anatomy and physiology:- 1
Sem:- 1 MCQs with Answers

Unit:- 1
➡️ Introduction & Cell, Tissue MCQs with Answer :- Click here

Unit:- 2
➡️ Skeletal system & Joints MCQs with Answers :- Click here

➡️ Blood MCQs with Answers:- Click here

➡️ MCQs of LYMPHATIC SYSTEM :- Click here

Unit:- 5
➡️ Cardiovascular system MCQs with Answers :- Click here

Subject:- Human anatomy and physiology MCQs with Answer

Sem:- 1 MCQs with Answers

Topic:- Introduction & Cell, Tissue

1 review

Srushti Phade July 31, 2021 at 1:04 am

answer for Question no 65 is option a and for Question no 45 is a.
thank you so much, this was helpful.

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