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Skeletal system & Joints MCQs with Answers

Skeletal system & Joints MCQs with Answers

1. Which of the following is NOT a bone of the axial skeleton?
A. deltoid
B. ethmoid
C. sphenoid
D. hyoid

2. Which of the following is a function of the skeletal system?
A. haemopoiesis
B. haemostasis
C. peristalsis
D. glycogenolysis

3. In which of the following bone structures do osteocytes live?
A. osteons
B. canaliculi
C. lacunae
D. lamellae

4. Which bone is most superior?
A. manubrium
B. occipital bone
C. cervical vertebra

D. patella

5. What is a “trochanter”?
A. part of a femur
B. a feature of the pelvis
C. a projection that forms part of an articulation
D. a groove in which lies a tendon

6. One of the functions of bones is to make red blood cells. What is this process known as?
A. Haemolysis
B. Haemopoiesis
C. Haematuria
D. Haemostasis

7. Where do osteocytes reside?
A. In lamellae
B. In endosteum
C. In trabeculae
D. In lacunae

8. Which of the following describes the movements known as pronation and supination?
A. The flexing of the arm with respect to the forearm around the elbow.
B. The swivelling of the foot to the medial and lateral directions.
C. The twisting of the wrist while the elbow is held motionless.
D. The rotation at the shoulder that causes the arm to describe a cone shape.

9. Which of the following is NOT a “long” bone?
A. the humerus
B. the tibia
C. a carpal
D. a metacarpal

10. Which one of the following is a bone that is embedded within a tendon?
A. sphenoid
B. hyoid
C. ethmoid
D. sesamoid

11. In which one of the following structures do osteocytes reside? In the
A. haversian canals
B. lacunae
C. trabeculae
D. endosteum

12. Which bone of the head has a synovial joint?
A. The sphenoid
B. The maxilla

C. The mandible
D. The hyoid

13. What are the bones of the fingers known as?
A. short bones
B. metacarpals
C. carpals
D. phalanges

14. Which of the following comprise seven bones?
A. Cervical vertebrae
B. Carpals
C. Cranial bones
D. Lumbar vertebrae

15. Which term below refers to a depression in a bone?
A. tuberosity
B. fossa
C. tubercle
D. condyle

16. What body part is able to perform pronation and supination?
A. the forearm
B. the foot
C. the thigh
D. the wrist

17. Where are blood vessels in compact bone found?
A. in the canaliculi
B. in the periosteum
C. in the lacunae
D. in the central canal

18. Which of the following is NOT a depression or cavity on a bone?
A. tuberosity
B. facet
C. meatus
D. sinus

19. One of the following lists contains only bones in the appendicular skeleton. Which one?
A. patella, ethmoid, femur, coccyx, tibia
B. clavicle, fi bula, metatarsal, phalange, radius
C. humerus, scapula, occipital, metacarpal, sternum
D. ulna, radius, phalange, mandible, coxal

20. A synovial joint is also known as one of the following, which one?

A. synarthrosis
B. immovable joint
C. slightly moveable joint
D. freely moveable joint

21. What is contained within the medullary canal of a long bone?
A. trabeculae
B. lamellae
C. marrow
D. osteoblasts and osteoclasts

22. Where in the skeleton is the scapula located?
A. in the axial skeleton
B. in the appendicular skeleton
C. in the carpal region
D. in the shoulder girdle

23. Which of the following bone markings forms part of an articulation?
A. the deltoid tuberosity of the humerus
B. the lateral condyle of the femur
C. the greater trochanter of the femur
D. the greater tubercule of the humerus

24. Where is the epiphyseal plate of a long bone located?
A. in the diaphysis
B. between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
C. in the epiphysis
D. in the medullary canal

25. In which structure are osteoclasts and osteoblasts found?
A. in the periosteum
B. in the haversian canals
C. in the lacunae of osteons
D. in the trabeculae of osteons

26. Which of the following is a NOT a projection from a bone surface?
A. trochanter
B. tubercle
C. trabeculum
D. tuberosity

27. Which of the listed bones is superior to the rest?
A. manubrium
B. xiphoid process
C. coccyx
D. femur

28. Choose the correct sentence. Compact bone contains
A. lamellae and osteocytes but no osteons.
B. trabeculae, canaliculi and osteons.
C. haversian systems and canaliculi but no osteons.
D. osteons and lamellae but no trabeculae.

29. Which of the following bone markings is NOT a projection for muscle attachment?
A. fossa
B. tuberosity
C. tubercle
D. trochanter

30. Which of the list below is a cell that reabsorbs bone?
A. osteon
B. osteoblast
C. osteocyte
D. osteoclast

31. The formula for the inorganic salts in bone is
A. NH 6 C 3 COOH
B. C 6 H 12 O 6
C. Ca 10 (PO 4 ) 6 OH 2
D. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 7 CH = CH(CH 2 ) 7 COOH

32. Freely moveable joints are also known as
A. fibrous joints
B. cartilaginous joints
C. amphiarthroses
D. synovial joints

33. Which of the following is a projection from a bone surface?
A. fossa
B. fissure
C. foramen
D. facet

34. Which of the listed bones is the most inferior?
A. ethmoid
B. sphenoid
C. femoid
D. hyoid

35. Choose the correct sentence. Cancellous bone contains
A. lamellae and osteocytes but no trabeculae.
B. trabeculae, canaliculi and osteons.
C. haversian systems and canaliculi but no osteons.
D. trabeculae and lamellae but no osteons.

36. Which of the following bones is part of the cranium?
A. occipital
B. mandible
C. hyoid
D. carpal

37. The appendicular skeleton includes all of the following EXCEPT one. Which one?
A. the pectoral girdle
B. the thoracic cage
C. the phalanges
D. the lower limbs

38. What is the name given to the central tunnel of an osteon that contains blood vessels?
A. canaliculus
B. endosteum
C. haversian canal
D. medullary canal

39. Which of the following is an example of a synovial joint? The joint between the:
A. tibia and fibula
B. sternum and rib number 1
C. thoracic vertebrae 4 and 5
D. proximal ends of the radius and ulna

40. Which list contains the bones of the pelvic and pectoral girdles?
A. coxal, scapulae, manubrium, ilium
B. clavicles, cervical, coccyx, innominate
C. clavicles, scapulae, coxal
D. clavicles, scapulae, sacrum, coxal

41. Synovial joints have all of the following features EXCEPT one. Which one?
A. are surrounded by an articular capsule.
B. have synovial fl uid fi lling the space between articulating bones.
C. have synovial membrane covering the articulating bone surfaces.
D. are supported by reinforcing ligaments.

42. The manubrium and the xiphoid process are located on which part of the skeleton?
A. the lower jaw
B. the sternum
C. the pelvis
D. the hand

43. Carpals refers to
A. the points of attachment of ribs to vertebrae
B. bones of the wrist
C. bones that are embedded within a tendon

D. the thumbs

44. Haemopoiesis refers to
A. blood cell formation in bone marrow
B. the process of blood clotting
C. the crenation of red blood cells in a hypotonic solution
D. an excessively large proportion of red blood cells to plasma.

45. Articulating bones are joined by
A. aponeuroses
B. tendons
C. fasciculi
D. ligaments

46. On which bone is the greater trochanter found?
A. pelvic
B. femur
C. radius
D. humerus

47. What does “articulation” refer to?
A. the joining of a ligament to a bone.
B. the contact made between a tendon and a bone
C. the contact between two bones.
D. the connection between a muscle and a bone

48. To which bones does the word phalanges apply? Those in the
A. fingers and toes
B. wrist and ankle
C. ankle and foot
D. fi ngers and hand

49. The axial skeleton groups together which sets of bones?
A. the arms and hands, the legs and feet, shoulder girdle and pelvic girdle.
B. the head, shoulder girdle, arms and hands.
C. the thoracic cage, vertebral column, shoulder girdle, the pelvic girdle, the
skull and facial bones.
D. bones of the skull and face, thoracic cage and vertebral column.

50. How do synovial joints differ from the other types of bone articulation?
A. they have a joint cavity.
B. the bones are joined by fi brous tissue.
C. the articulating bones are joined by cartilage.
D. the articulating bone surfaces are covered by tendons.

51. What are the cells that are found in the lacunae of compact bone called?

A. osteocytes.
B. osteons.
C. osteoblasts.
D. osteoclasts.

52. The appendicular skeleton groups together which sets of bones?
A. the arms and hands, the legs and feet, shoulder girdle and pelvic girdle.
B. the head, shoulder girdle, arms and hands.
C. the thoracic cage, vertebral column, shoulder girdle, the pelvic girdle, the skull and facial bones.
D. bones of the skull and face, thoracic cage and vertebral column.

53. Synovial joints differ from the other types of joint between bones in the body because:
A. they are immovable joints.
B. they are slightly moveable
C. the bones are joined by cartilage.
D. the ends of the articulating bones are covered by hyaline cartilage.

54. What does the term “haversian canal” refer to in bone?
A. the larger examples of foramina.
B. a groove that receives a muscle’s tendon.
C. the centre of an osteon that contains blood capillaries.
D. the space within a long bone that contains marrow.

55. What is the structure that attaches one bone to another?
A. ligament
B. cartilage
C. tendon
D. diaphysis

56. Which of the following describes what an “epiphysis” is?
A. The shaft of a long bone.
B. The line that separates the shaft from the end of a long bone.
C. The membrane that surrounds a bone.
D. The end of a long bone.

57. To what does the term “osteon” refer in bone?
A. the bone cells (osteocytes) in lacunae.
B. a small rounded projection on a bone.
C. concentric cylinders of calcified bone matrix.
D. the membrane covering the outside of a bone.

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1 review

Navjot Singh
Navjot singh February 2, 2022 at 11:21 pm

Really very helpful.

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