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MCQ Microbiology ( MCQ Antimicrobial Drugs )

MCQ Microbiology

MCQ Antimicrobial Drugs

1. Which of the following antimicrobial drugs is synthetic?
a) sulfanilamide
b) penicillin
c) actinomycin
d) neomycin

2. Which of the following combinations would most likely contribute to the development of a superinfection?
a) long-term use of narrow-spectrum antimicrobials
b) long-term use of broad-spectrum antimicrobials
c) short-term use of narrow-spectrum antimicrobials
d) short-term use of broad-spectrum antimicrobials

3. Which of the following routes of administration would be appropriate and convenient for home administration of an antimicrobial to treat a systemic infection?
a) oral
b) intravenous
c) topical
d) parenteral

5. Which clinical situation would be appropriate for treatment with a narrowspectrum antimicrobial drug?
a) treatment of a polymicrobic mixed infection in the intestine
b) prophylaxis against infection after a surgical procedure
c) treatment of strep throat caused by culture identified Streptococcus pyogenes
d) empiric therapy of pneumonia while waiting for culture results

6. Which of the following terms refers to the ability of an antimicrobial drug to harm the target microbe without harming the host?
a) mode of action
b) therapeutic level
c) spectrum of activity
d) selective toxicity

7. Which of the following is not a type of β- lactam antimicrobial?
a) penicillins
b) glycopeptides
c) cephalosporins
d) monobactams

8. Which of the following does not bind to the 50S ribosomal subunit?
a) tetracyclines
b) lincosamides
c) macrolides
d) chloramphenicol

9. Which of the following antimicrobials inhibits the activity of DNA gyrase?
a) polymyxin B
b) clindamycin
c) nalidixic acid
d) rifampin

10. Which of the following is not an appropriate target for antifungal drugs?
a) ergosterol
b) chitin
c) cholesterol
d) β(1→3) glucan

11. Which of the following drug classes specifically inhibits neuronal transmission in helminths?
a) quinolines
b) avermectins
c) amantadines
d) imidazoles

12. Which of the following is a nucleoside analog commonly used as a reverse transcriptase inhibitor in the treatment of HIV?
a) acyclovir
b) ribavirin
c) adenine-arabinoside
d) azidothymidine

13. Which of the following is an antimalarial drug that is thought to increase ROS levels in target cells?
a) artemisinin
b) amphotericin b
c) praziquantel
d) pleconaril

14. Which of the following resistance mechanisms describes the function of β- lactamase?
a) efflux pump
b) target mimicry
c) drug inactivation
d) target overproduction

15. Which of the following resistance mechanisms is commonly effective against a wide range of antimicrobials in multiple classes?
a) efflux pump
b) target mimicry
c) target modification
d) target overproduction

16. Which of the following resistance mechanisms is the most nonspecific to a particular class of antimicrobials?
a) drug modification
b) target mimicry
c) target modification
d) efflux pump

17. Which of the following types of drugresistant bacteria do not typically persist in individuals as a member of their intestinal microbiota?
b) VRE
c) CRE
d) ESBL-producing bacteria

18. In the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test, the _______ of the zone of inhibition is measured and used for interpretation.
a) diameter
b) microbial population
c) circumference
d) depth

19. Which of the following techniques cannot be used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of an antimicrobial drug against a particular microbe?
a) Etest
b) microbroth dilution test
c) Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test
d) macrobroth dilution test

20. The utility of an antibiogram is that it shows antimicrobial susceptibility trends
a) over a large geographic area.
b) for an individual patient.
c) in research laboratory strains.
d) in a localized population.

21. Which of the following has yielded compounds with the most antimicrobial activity?
a) water
b) air
c) volcanoes
d) soil