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pharmacy Topic wise MCQs

PHARMACOGNOSY MACQ’S ( Part-14 ) with Answers


Q1.Saffron is obtained from which part of plants ?
A. Stem
B. Anther and whole flower
C. Stigma
D. None of these

Q2.A seed is ripened
A. flower
B. ovule
C. ovary
D. None of these

Q3.Asava is —- type of ayurvedic dosage from .
A. Solid
B. Semisolid
C. Liquid
D. Powder

Q4.An extraction process in which water is poured over drugs, allowing close contact for state period and finally filtering off liquid is called
A. Maceration
B. percolation
C. Infusion
D. Digestion

Q5.Asafoetida is
A. Alkaloid
B. Oil
C. Resin
D. Tannin

Q6.Quinine is obtained from
A. Cinnamomum
B. Cinchona
C. Andrographis
D. Strychnos

Q7.Timolol acts in glaucoma by
A. Effecting change of pupil size
B. Effecting the tone of ciliary muscle
C. Enhancing drainage of aqueous
D. By reducing aqueous formation

Q8.All of the following are uses of guggal, except
A. Anti-rheumatic
B. Hypolipidemic
C. Antidiabetic
D. Anti-inflammatory

Q9.Hydnocarpus oil is obtained by
A. Hot percolation
B. Steam distillation
C. Cold expression
D. partition with water

Q10.According to l.P; 1 gm of shark oil should contain not less than —— international units of vitamin a activity .
A. 500
B. 1000
C. 2000
D. 6000

Q11.Chemically wool contains
A. Fibroin
B. Sericin
C. Keratin
D. All of these

Q12.Absorbent cotton IP has lenght of staples
A. Not less than 5 mm
B. Note less than 10 mm
C. Note less than 15 mm
D. Note of these

Q13.Balsam of tolu is obtained from the trunk of tree belonging to which family ?
A. Berberidaceae
B. Styraceae
C. Leguminosae
D. Bursuraceae

Q14.In Gambier fluorescin test —– coloured fluorescence is observed in light petroleum ether layer .
A. Red
B. Pink
C. Green
D. Orange

Q15.Volatile oil of coriander contains about 90% of
A. D-linalool
B. L- borneol
C. Geraniol
D. Pinene

Q16.Nutmeg drug is obtained from
A. Male plants
B. Female plants
C. Both male and female plants
D. Hermaphrodite plants

Q17.Rauwolfia serpentina is cultivated in which state of India ?
A. Himachal pradesh
B. Uttarakhand
C. Madhya pradesh
D. Uttar pradesh

Q18.The flowers of atropa belladonna are —- coloured.
A. Red
B. green
C. Purple
D. Yellow

Q19.The ethereal extract of arjuna bark given —- colour fluorescence .
A. Pink
B. Blue
C. Green
D. Red

Q20.Geiger muller counter is used to detect
A. Only x- particles
B. only b particles
C. Both x and B particles
D. x and b particles and y rays

Q21.Beeswax is an example of which type of iontment base ?
A. Hydrocarbon/ oleaginous
B. Adsorption
C. Water miscible/removable
D. Water soluble

Q22.Agar is
A. Pentapolysaccharide
B. Oligopolysaccharide
C. Homopolysaccharide
D. Heteropolysaccharide

Q23.Colour of digitalis leaves is
A. Dark green
B. Dark purple green
C. Dark reddish green
D. Dark grayish green

Q24.Socotrine aloes are cultivated from which species ?
A. Aloe spicata
B. Alone ferox
C. Aloe perryi
D. Aloe barbadensis

Q25.Terpenoid Fenchone has which of the following ring system ?
A. Two six member rings
B. One six member ring and one five member ring
C. One six member ring and one four member ring
D. One six member ring and one three member ring

Q26.In limit test of chloride , which is compared ?
A. Turbidity
B. Opalescence
C. Fluorescence
D. Colour

Q27.The limit test of chloride, which is compared ?
A. Turbidity
B. Opalescence
C. Fluorescence
D. Colour

Q28.Drug of choice in acute lymphatic leukemia
A. Mercaptopurine
B. Cyclophosphamide
C. Methotrexate
D. Vincristine+prednisone

Q29.Drugs acting on mitotic phase of cell cycle are
A. Methotrexate
B. 5- FU
C. Vincristine
D. Procarbazine

Q30.Melphalan is drug of choice in-
A. Malignant
B. Neuroblastoma
C. Retinoblastoma
D. Hyprenephroma

Q31.An example of pyrimidine antagonist is
A. Busulfan
B. 5- fluorouracil
C. Cyclophosphamide
D. Mercaptopurine

Q32.Anticancer drug Which crosses the blood brain barrier
A. Cisplatin
B. Vincristine
C. Vinblastine
D. Nitrosoureas

Q33.Which antimalignancy drug is most nephrotoxic
A. Vincristine
B. Cyclophosphamide
C. Cisplatin
D. 5- FU

Q34.The folic acid antagonist immunosuppressant drug is
A. Dexamethasone
B. Chlorambucil
C. Methotrexate
D. Nialamine

Q35.An antimetabolite Which undergoe biotransformation to form an inhibitor of DNA polymerase is
A. Dexamethasone
B. Chlorambucil
C. Methotrexate
D. Nialamine

Q36.Which one is not an alkylating agent ?
A. Chlorambucil
B. Cyclophosphamide
C. Thiotepa
D. Mercaptopurine

Q37.5-FU is the chemotherapeutic agent of choice in the following except
A. pancreas
B. Breast
C. Colon
D. Stomach

Q38.Mitosis arrest in metaphase is seen with
A. Allopurinol
B. Colchicine
C. preicillamine
D. Flucloxacilin

Q39.Cardiotoxicity is a limiting factor in the use of
A. Vincristine
B. 5-FU
C. Doxorubicin
D. Etoposide

Q40.Leukoencephalopathy is seen with use of
A. Vincristine
B. Cyclophosphhamide
C. Methotrexate
D. Actinomycin

Q41.Which of the following is not an alkylating agent ?
A. Cytraabine
B. Chlorambucil
C. Cyclophosphamide
D. Thiotepa

Q42.Chemotherapeutic agent in which ‘s t‘mor is
A. Methotrexate
B. Cylophos‘hamide
C. 5-FU
D. Actinomycin

Q43.Which cytotoxic drug inhibits cellular division in mitosis[ i.e.] metaphase arrest ]
A. Vincristine
B. 5- FU
C. Methotrexate
D. Cyclophosphamide

Q44.Drugs causing folate deficiency is
A. lNH
B. Methotrexate
C. Erythromycin
D. Cloxacilin

Q45.Treatment of choice in Wegners granulomatosis is
A. Cyclophosphamide
B. Cycloserine
C. Steroids
D. Radio therapy

Q46.The drug which was used as ““ie detector’ during Second World War is –
A. Nitrous oxide
B. Chl“roquine
C. Carbamazepine
D. Hyoscyine

Q47.6- Mercaptopurine optentiates action of
A. Cyclophosphamide
B. Allopurinol
C. Methotrexate
D. 5-FU

Q48.Which of the following is odd one?
A. Pindolol
B. Metoprolol
C. Atenolol
D. Acebutolol

Q49.Choose the lipid insoluble B- blocker
A. propranolol
B. Nadolol
C. Oxprenolol
D. Alprenolol

Q50.Which of the following is anorectic agent ?
A. Dobutamine
B. Methoxamine
C. Fenfluramine
D. Mephenteramine

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