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pharmacy Topic wise MCQs

Pharmacognosy (Part:-6) MCQs with answers

PHARMACOGNOSY

51. Drug is not an example of phenol volatile oil:
a) Clove
b) Anise
c) Creosote
d) Thyme

52. The major terpenoid in clove oil:
a) Eugenol
b) Santalol
c) Anethol
d) Menthol

53. Triterpenes contain number of isoprene units
a) Four
b) Five
c) Six
d) Seven

54. Diterpenes contain number of isoprene units
a) Three
b) Four
c) Five
d) Six

55. Monoterpenes contain number of isoprene units:
a) One
b) Three
c) Two
d) Four

56. Lemon grass oil is obtained from:
a) Cymbopogon flexuousus
b) Cinnamonum camphora
c) Eucalyptus globules
d) Chenopodium ambrosioides

57. Beta ionine starting material for synthesis of
a) Vitamin K
b) Vitamin B1
c) Vitamin A
d) Vitamin D

58. Cymbopogon flexuousus belongs to family:
a) Graminnae
b) Liliaceae
c) Legumniosae
d) Loganaceae

59. Synonym for peppermint oil is:
a) Mentha oil
b) Oleum terbinthae
c) Eucalyptus
d) Chenoposan

 

60. Peppermint oil contains chiefly:
a) I-menthol
b) d-menthol
c) Citral
d) Cineole

61. Cardamom belongs to family:
a) Liliaceae
b) Loganaceae
c) Apocyanaceae
d) Zingiberaceae

62. Allepy variety of cardamom has approx. size:
a) 4 to 10 mm
b) 2 to 4 mm
c) 8 to 20 mm
d) 6 to 12 mm

63. The chief active constituent of fennel:
a) Carvone
b) Borneol
c) Dill-Apiole
d) Fenchone

64. Biological source for Nutmeg:
a) Foeniculum vulgare
b) Coriandrum sativum
c) Myristica fragrans
d) Elettaria cardamom

65. Nutmeg belongs to family:
a) Luraceae
b) Umbelliferae
c) Myristicaceae
d) Zingiberaceae

66. Drug, which does not, belong to family umbelliferae:
a) Caraway
b) Coriander
c) Ajowan
d) Cardamom

67. Nutmeg contains percentage of volatile oil:
a) 5 to 16%
b) 10 to 20 %
c) 15 to 25%
d) 20 to 30 %

68. Fennel contains percentage of volatile oil:
a) 3 to 7 %
b) 7 to 10%
c) 10 to 13 %
d) 13 to 155

69. Nutmeg should contain volatile oil not less than:
a) 1 % w/v
b) 2% w/v
c) 3 % w/v
d) 5 % w/v

70. Volatile oil in Coriander should not less than
a) 0.3%
b) 3.0%
c) 3.3%
d) 4.4%

71. Cardamon contains volatile oil not less than
a) 1%
b) 0.4 %
c) 2.0%
d) 4.0 %

72. Peppermint oil contains which terpenoid:
a) Geraniol
b) Anethol
c) Menthol
d) Eugenol

73. The clove oil contains terpenoid:
a) Eugenol
b) Anethol
c) Menthol
d) Cineol

74. Fennel contains type of stomata:
a) Diacytic
b) Actinocytic
c) Anisocytic
d) Anomocytic

75. Exhuasted fennel is identified by absence of:
a) Fenchone
b) Anethol
c) Carvone
d) Cineol

 

76. Which variety of fennel contains least percentage of volatile oil content?
a) Indian
b) Saxony
c) French sweet
d) Japanese

77. The fat of nutmeg is known as:
a) Ghee
b) Nutmeg oil
c) Nutmeg butter
d) Nutmeg protein

78. Cinnamom bark does not contain:
a) Cinnamaldehyde
b) Tannins
c) Coumarin
d) Benzaldehyde

79. The biological source of cinnamon:
a) Cinnamomum zeylanicum
b) Cinnamomum cassia blume
c) Cinnamomum burmanii
d) Cinnamomum loireirii

80. Biological source of Garlic is:
a) Allium sativum
b) Pinus roxburghii
c) Thymus vulgaris
d) Santalum album

81. Which is not the use of Allium sativum.
a) Carminative
b) Aphrodisiac
c) Atherosclerosis
d) Antiulcer

82. Alkaloid present in Black pepper is:
a) Caryophyllene
b) Cinnamaldehyde
c) 1-phellandrene
d) Piperine

83. Drug which does not belong to family Umbelliferae:
a) Cumin
b) Anise
c) Lavender oil
d) Celery

84. The percentage of clove oil in clove should not be less than:
a) 15%                                                                                                                                                                                                b) 10%
c) 5%                                                                                                                                                                                                  d) 1%

85. Does not occur in clove:
a) Starch
b) Volatile oil
c) Tannins
d) Resins

86. When transverse section of clove is treated with potassium hydroxide solution, it gives:
a) Strong odor of volatile oil
b) H2 S gas is evolved
c) CO2 is evolved
d) Needle shaped crystals of potassium eugeonate

87. Clove oil is used in the manufacturing of:
a) Salicylic acid
b) Vanillin
c) Cinnamic acid
d) Benzoic acid

88. Which is not used as an adulterant for clove?
a) Mother clove
b) Blown clove
c) Clove stalk
d) Pale clove

89. Clove stalk contains approximate percentage of volatile oil:
a) 5%
b) 10%
c) 15%
d) 20%

90. Oil which does not belong to alcohol class:
a) Nutmeg
b) Sandalwood
c) Lemon grass
d) Lavender

91. The oil, which is not belonging to aldehyde class:
a) Dill oil
b) Cinnamon oil
c) Lemon grass oil
d) Lemon oil

 

92. The oil, which is having counter irritant property:
a) Thyme
b) Turpentine oil
c) Peppermint
d) Orange oil

93. Fennel contains percentage of volatile oil:
a) 10 to 20%
b) 20 to 30%
c) 30 to 40%
d) 65 to 70%

94. Tannins show some chemical reaction except:
a) Solution of tannins precipitate gelatin.
b) Tannins are precipitated by salt of copper, tin and lead.
c) They show colour reaction with iron.
d) React with potassium mercuric iodide.

94. Condensed tannins are called as:
a) Hydrolysable tannins
b) Non hydrolysable
c) Pseudotannins
d) Prototannins

95. Tannic acid is under the class of:
a) Condensed tannins
b) Pseudotannins
c) Hydrolysable tannins
d) Condensed and Pseudotannins

96. Tannic acid is antidote in poisoning:
a) Iodine
b) Cyanide
c) Alkaloid
d) Arsenic

97. When pterocarpus is treated with potassium hydroxide, it gives
a) Violet
b) Green
c) Red
d) Black

98. Gambir flurescin test is used for drug:
a) Arjuna
b) Ashoka
c) Pale catechu
d) Black catechu

99. Black catechu contains about percentage of acacatechin:
a) One percentage
b) Three percent
c) Seven percent
d) Ten percent

100. Composition of Molisch reagent is
a) Alpha napthol + sulphuric acid
b) Beta napthol + sulphuric acid
c) Naphthylamine + sulphuric acid
d) Phenol + sulphuric acid

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