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Pharmacology of Drugs Acting on CVS and Haemopoietic System (Short Questions)

Pharmacology of Drugs Acting on CVS and Haemopoietic System important Question For One Mark 

True or False

1) The most commonly employed α-adrenoceptor blocking agent is phenoxybenzamine.
2) The useful effects of corticosteroids in states of shock are completely understood.
3) The word haemopoietic relates to the blood removing processes.

4) Vitamin K takes part in blood coagulation reaction, and therefore is indicated in the treatment of haemorrhages.
5) Anticoagulants are agents decreasing the coagulation ability of blood.
6) Fibrinolytics are used for making the blood clots (or thrombi).

Fill in the blanks

7) _______ is a medical condition in which the blood perfusion to the tissues decreases, resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function
8) The most commonly employed α-adrenoceptor blocking agent is _________.
9) ___________ are efficient plasma volume expanders.
10) The word _________ relates to the blood making processes.
11) ____________ includes the blood and blood-forming organs.
12) Vitamin K takes part in __________, and there fore is indicated in the treatment of  haemorrhages.
13) __________ are used for dissolving the blood clots (or thrombi).
14) ___________ are the colloidal solutions used to control the blood volume temporarily in critical conditions.

Answers

1) True 2) False 3) Flase 4) True 5) True 6) False 7) shock 8) Phenoxybenzamine 9) Dextrans 10) Haemopoietic 11) Hematologic system 12) Blood coagulation reaction 13) Fibrinolytics 14) Plasma volume expanders

Important Summary For one mark Question

1) Shock is a medical condition in which the blood perfusion to the tissues decreases, resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function
2) Patients with shock resulting from decreased circulating volume of blood should be given either blood or plasma volume expanders.
3) Restlessness, headache, pallor, dizziness, precordial pain, and palpitation are the adverse effects of therapeutic doses of sympathomimetic amines.
4) The most commonly employed α-adrenoceptor blocking agent is phenoxybenzamine.
5) The useful effects of corticosteroids in states of shock are not completely understood.
6) Dextrans are efficient plasma volume expanders. They are employed in the emergency treatment of hypovolemic shock.
7) The word haemopoietic relates to the blood making processes.
8) Hematologic system includes the blood and blood-forming organs.
9) Hematinics are involved in the formation of blood and are used in the treatment of anaemia (a condition in which blood lacks healthy RBCs or haemoglobin).
10) Coagulants are agents that help in the coagulation of blood and are given in haemorrhagic conditions.
11) Vitamin K takes part in blood coagulation reaction, and therefore is indicated in the treatment of haemorrhages.
12) Anticoagulants are agents decreasing the coagulation ability of blood.
13) Fibrinolytics are used for dissolving the blood clots (or thrombi).
14) Anti-platelet or anti-thrombotic drugs affect platelet plug formation and are mainly used for preventing arterial thromboembolism.
15) Plasma volume expanders are the colloidal solutions used to control the blood volume temporarily in critical conditions

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