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What is Pneumonia, full explanation in detail

” What is Pneumonia ,full explanation in detail “

✡ Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of lungs or alveoli of lungs.

???? Caused by :

✡ a variety of pathogens as viruses like influenza virus, adenovirus, para influenza and Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

✡ Bacteria like Streptococcus pneumoniae or fungal pathogens e.g. Pneumocystis jirovecii and Pneumocystis carinii.

✡ Pneumonia can also be caused by chemical burns or physical injury to lungs.

???? Signs and Symptoms :-

✡ Cough produces yellow or greenish
sputum or phlegm.

✡ High fever.

✡ Shortness of breath (Dyspnea).

✡ Chest pain during deep breath or coughing.

✡ Loss of appetite, fatigue, headaches,
vomiting, joint pains and muscle aches.

???? Mode of transmission :

✡ Pneumonia mostly spreads by direct person to person contact.

✡ It can also spread via droplets released by infected person or even by using shared clothes and utensils.

???? Diagnosis and Treatment :-

✡ Course of treatment depends upon pathogen leading to the disease.

✡ For bacterial pneumonia, antibiotics like Benzyl penicillin, Ampicillin and Chloramphenicol are effective.

???? Prevention and Control :-

✡ Vaccination is important prevention in
both children and adults.

✡ Vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae in first year of life, help greatly to reduce the chances of causing Pneumonia.