” What is Pneumonia ,full explanation in detail “
✡ Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of lungs or alveoli of lungs.
???? Caused by :
✡ a variety of pathogens as viruses like influenza virus, adenovirus, para influenza and Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
✡ Bacteria like Streptococcus pneumoniae or fungal pathogens e.g. Pneumocystis jirovecii and Pneumocystis carinii.
✡ Pneumonia can also be caused by chemical burns or physical injury to lungs.
???? Signs and Symptoms :-
✡ Cough produces yellow or greenish
sputum or phlegm.
✡ High fever.
✡ Shortness of breath (Dyspnea).
✡ Chest pain during deep breath or coughing.
✡ Loss of appetite, fatigue, headaches,
vomiting, joint pains and muscle aches.
???? Mode of transmission :
✡ Pneumonia mostly spreads by direct person to person contact.
✡ It can also spread via droplets released by infected person or even by using shared clothes and utensils.
???? Diagnosis and Treatment :-
✡ Course of treatment depends upon pathogen leading to the disease.
✡ For bacterial pneumonia, antibiotics like Benzyl penicillin, Ampicillin and Chloramphenicol are effective.
???? Prevention and Control :-
✡ Vaccination is important prevention in
both children and adults.
✡ Vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae in first year of life, help greatly to reduce the chances of causing Pneumonia.