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NursingpharmacyTopic wise MCQs

Anatomy & Physiology ( Part-4 ) MCQs with Answers


51. The male gonads are called:
A. The epididymis
B. The testes
C. The prostate gland
D. The vas deferens

52. The female gonads are called:
A. The vulva
B. The cervix
C. The ovaries
D. The uterus

53. The process by which the sperms are produced is called:
A. Spermatogenesis
B. Ovulation
C. Oogenesis
D. Osteomalacia

54. In females the external genitalia are known as:
A. Mons pubis
B. Vulva
C. Cervix
D. Clitoris

55. The beginning of reproductive age is known as:
A. The menses
B. The menopause
C. Menstruation
D. Puberty

56. Sperms are produced at temperature that is:
A. Higher than body temperature
B. Immaterial
C. Lower than body temperature
D. The same as body temperature

57. Where does the foetus grow?
A. The stomach
B. The fallopian tubes
C. The cervix
D. The uterus

58. When the lining of the uterus breaks down and is shed this is known as:
A. Ovulation
B. Impregnation
C. Menstruation
D. Fertilisation

59. What is the name of the structure that connects the uterus to the outside of the body?
A. The epididymis
B. The uterus
C. The vagina
D. The cervix

60. Of the following male organs which one is considered primary sex organ:
A. The ejaculatory ducts
B. The penis
C. The prostate gland
D. The testes

61. Airborne smell molecules are properly known as:
A. Aromant molecules
B. Olfactory molecules
C. Oderant molecules
D. Odorous molecules

62. The inner ear is also known as the:
A. Chain
B. Maze
C. Labyrinth
D. Convolution

63. The combination of gel like substance and calcium carbonate crystals in the vestibule is known as:
A. Monolith
B. Otolith
C. Statoconia
D. Kinocilium

64. The pitch (frequency) of a sound is identified in the cochlea by:
A. The amount of vibration of the basilar membrane
B. The number of hair cells that are stimulated
C. The amount of vibration in the tectorial membrane
D. The region of stimulation in the cochlear duct

65. What is a ganglion?
A. A mass of nerve cells.
B. A mass of synovial fluid
C. A mass of receptor cells
D. A mass of centres in the limbic system

66. The lacrimal gland produces what volume of tears per day:
A. 0.1ml
B. 1ml
C. 10ml
D. 11ml

67. Aqueous humour can be found in:
A. The anterior chamber of the eye
B. The posterior chamber of the eye
C. The posterior cavity of the eye
D. All of the above.

68. The role of the pigmented part of the neural tunic is to:
A. Prevent light from reflecting off the neural part of the neural tunic
B. Prevent light from reaching the neural part of the neural tunic
C. Give colour to the eye
D. Create the ‘white’ of the eye

69. Cones are mostly sensitive to which colours?
A. Red, yellow, white.
B. Red, yellow, blue.
C. Red, yellow, green.
D. Red, blue, green.

70. A patient who is ‘long sighted’ (objects far away are in focus but there is a difficulty in focussing on near objects) is known as suffering from:
A. Anisometropia
B. Myopia
C. Presbyopia
D. Hyperopia

71. As well as their nitrogen-carbon bases, nucleotides contain strands consisting of:
A. Deoxyribose and potassium
B. Ribose and potassium
C. Deoxyribose and phosphate
D. Ribose and calcium

72. How many chromosomes are their altogether in a normal human cell?
A. 44
B. 46
C. 22
D. 26

73. The part of the cell that binds to mRNA during protein synthesis is a:
A. Ribosome
B. Lysosome
C. Peroxisome
D. Centrosome

74. Amino acids are part of the protein of the cell cytoplasm. Where do they come from?
A. The Golgi apparatus
B. They are made by the DNA
C. They come from the food that we eat
D. They are manufactured by the sun and vitamin D.

75. A triplet of bases on mRNA is known as a:
A. Nucleotide
B. Anticodon
C. Antinucleotide
D. Codon

76. The reproduction of humans requires the genetic process of:
A. Mitosis
B. Meiosis
C. Bivalence
D. Inheritance

77. The person who is considered to have started the study of genetic inheritance is:
A. Francis Crick
B. Rosalind Franklin
C. Gregor Mendel
D. James Watson

78. Inherited genetic disorders of the sex chromosomes are known as:
A. X-linked recessive disorders
B. X-linked dominant disorders
C. Autosomal recessive disorders
D. Autosomal dominant disorders

79. Huntington’s disease is a:
A. X-linked recessive disorder
B. X-linked dominant disorder
C. Autosomal recessive disorder
D. Autosomal dominant disorder

80. Cystic Fibrosis is an example of a:
A. X-linked recessive disorder
B. X-linked dominant disorder
C. Autosomal recessive disorder
D. Autosomal dominant disorder

81. Water is an organic substance.
A. True B. False

82. Energy is obtained from the breakdown of food substances.
A. True
B. False

83. In an atom, the number of electrons is equal to the number of neutrons.
A. True
B. False

84. An ionic bond is an example of physical bonds.
A. True
B. False

85. Valency is a measure of the combining power of atoms.
A. True
B. False

86. The most abundant cation in extracellular compartment is sodium.
A. True
B. False

87. The thirst centre is located in the hypothalamus.
A. True
B. False

88. In a hypotonic solution red blood cells will crenate.
A. True
B. False

89. ATP is essential for osmosis.
A. True
B. False

90. Dehydration can be caused by diaphoresis.
A. True
B. False

91. Glycogen and lipids are stored in lysosomes.
A. True
B. False

92. Simple diffusion utilises ATP.
A. True
B. False

93. ADH is also known as vasopressin.
A. True
B. False

94. Aquaporin-2 determines the permeability of cells.
A. True
B. False

95. 10. Aldosterone is a digestive enzyme.
A. True
B. False

96. Innate immunity is the immunity that we produce by coming into contact with infectious microorganisms.
A. True
B. False

97. Lysozyme is a fungicidal enzyme.
A. True
B. False

98. Kinins are released from damaged and stressed cells.
A. True
B. False

99. Immunoglobulins neutralise bacterial toxins.
A. True
B. False

100. T-cell lymphocytes are part of our humoral innate immune system.
A. True
B. False