Anesthetics Drugs- A
• • Define the term anesthesia and anesthetic agents
• Differentiate between different types of anesthesia
• Identify the stages of general anesthesia
• Describe Characteristics of general and local anesthetic agents.
• Identify most commonly used anesthetic agents
• Discuss factors considered when choosing anesthetic agents.
• Compare general and local anesthesia in terms of administration, client’s safety and nursing care.
• Discuss the rationale for using adjunctive drugs before and during surgical procedures.
• Describe the nursing role in related to anesthetics and adjunctive drugs.
• Discuss the action, indication and side effects of neuro-muscular blocking agent
• Calculate the drug dosage of injectable anesthetic agent
• Anesthetic Agents
• Types of Anesthesia
Classified into 2 major types. They are :
- General anesthesia.
- Local & regional anesthesia.
• • Spinal Anesthesia: it is achieved by injection 1.8 ml of 5% lignocaine solution into
the subarachnoid space through a lumber puncture.
• Other drugs which can be used are cinchocaine, procaine and amethocaine.
• It can cause serious hypotension.
• Stages of General Anesthesia
• Stage I Analgesia
• Stage II Excitement
• Stage III Surgical anesthesia
• Stage IV Medullary paralysis
• Practically what is done in OT ???
• General anesthetics (Defn.)
• What are the Drugs used as GA ? (Classification)
• Local Anaesthetics
• Factors considered when choosing anesthetic agents
• Patients Factors in selection of Anesthesia
• Status of the Organ System
• Concomitant use of Drugs
• Other Conditions to be Considered before Anesthesia
• Rationale for using adjunctive drugs before and during surgical
• Adjunctive drugs or pre-anesthetic medications
• Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
• Characteristics of general and local anesthetic agents
• Used in situations that require short duration anesthesia (outpatient surgery)
Primarily used as adjuncts to inhalationals
Rapidly induce unconsciousness
In lower doses, they may be used to provide sedation
• Comparison of general vs local anesthesia
• General anesthesia
• Advantages of general anesthesia
• Disadvantages of general anesthesia
• Nursing role in GA
• Methods of administration
• Disadvantages/side effects of LA
• Advantages of Local anesthetic
• Nursing Role in LA
- Subject:- Pharmacology
- Course:- B.pharm (pharmacy),
- Semester:- 5th sem , sem :- 5