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Anti-Hypertensive Drugs:- PPT / PDF

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Anti-Hypertensive Drugs
• Discuss the pharmacological management of hypertension and
hypertensive crisis.
• Discuss the nursing responsibility related to antihypertensive drugs.
• Calculate the drug dosage accurately while administering oral and parenteral medications.
• Hypertension
• Etiology of Hypertension
• Classification of hypertension on the basis of blood
pressure
• Baroreceptors and sympathetic nervous system
• Normal Regulation of Blood Pressure
• Physiology of Hypertension
• Physiological mechanisms involved in hypertension
• Renin-angiotensin system
• Antihypertensive agents
• Diuretics
• Loop diuretics:
• The loop diuretics act promptly by blocking sodium
and chloride reabsorption in the kidneys, even
in patients with poor renal function or those who
have not responded to thiazide diuretics. Loop
diuretics cause decreased renal vascular resistance and increased renal blood flow.
• ACE inhibitors
• Uses of ACE inhibitors
• Angiotensin antagonists (ARBs)
• Direct renin inhibitor
• β-adrenergic blockers
• Vasodilators
• Centrally acting adrenergic drugs
• Fenoldopam
• Hypertensive crisis
• Drugs used in hypertensive crisis
• Summary of WHO-ISH and British Hypertension Society (BHS) 2004, guidelines
• Antihypertensive to be avoided in pregnancy
• Safe drugs in pregnancy
• Nursing Interventions

  • Subject:- Pharmacology
  • Course:- B.pharm (pharmacy),
  • Semester:- 5th sem , sem :- 5

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