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pharmacy study material

Drug distribution system in a hospital

Description

DEFINITION OF HOSPITAL AND HOSPITAL PHARMACY
Hospital
The hospital is a complex organization utilizing combination of intricate,
specialized scientific equipment, and functioning through a corps of trained people educated to the problem of modern medical science. These are all welded together in the common purpose of restoration and maintenance of good health Hospital Pharmacy
The department or service in a hospital which is under the direction of a
professionally competent, legally qualified pharmacist, and from which all medications are supplied to the nursing units and other services, where
special prescriptions are filled for patients in the hospital, where
prescriptions are filled for ambulatory patients and out-patients, where
pharmaceuticals are manufactured in bulk, where narcotic and other prescribed drugs are dispensed, where injectable preparations should be
prepared and sterilized, and where professional supplies are often stocked
and dispensed.
The computerization of the pharmacy department makes it possible for
the staff to participate in patient education programs, poison control
center activities, preparation of patient drug use profiles, parenteral nutrition program participation, cooperating in the teaching and research programs of the hospital, communicating new product information to nursing service and other hospital personnel and dispensing radiopharmaceuticals

GOALS FOR HOSPITAL PHARMACY
Just as any organization must have long-range goals toward which its daily activities are directed, so must a profession, its members, and their representative societies. For example the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists, in its Constitution and Bylaws, sets forth the following objectives:
1. To provide the benefits of a qualified hospital pharmacist to patients and health care institutions, to the allied health professions, and to the profession of pharmacy.
2. To assist in providing an adequate supply of such qualified hospital
pharmacists.
3. To assure a high quality of professional practice through the establishment and maintenance of standards of professional ethics, education, and attainments and through the promotion of economic
welfare.
4. To promote research in hospital pharmacy practices and in the
pharmaceutical sciences in general.
5. To disseminate pharmaceutical knowledge by providing for interchange of information among hospital pharmacists and with members of allied specialties and professions. More broadly, the Society’s primary purpose is the advancement of rational, patient-oriented drug therapy in hospitals and other organized health care settings.

Hospital Pharmacy
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To the preceding can be added the following objectives:
1. To expand and strengthen institutional pharmacists’ abilities to:
(a) Effectively manage an organized pharmaceutical service.
(b) Develop and provide clinical services.
(c) Conduct and participate in clinical and pharmaceutical research
(d) Conduct and participate in educational programs for health
practitioners, students, and the public.
2. To increase the knowledge and understanding of contemporary
institutional pharmacy practice by the public, government, pharmaceutical industry, and other health care professionals.
3. To promote compensation and benefits commensurate with pharmacists responsibilities and contributions to patient care.
4. To help provide an adequate supply of qualified supportive personnel for institutional pharmacy services.
5. To help ensure that health care reimbursement and payment systems
do not inhibit the implementation of innovative pharmaceutical services or adversely reflect on institutional pharmacy practice.
6. To assist in the development and advancement of the pharmacy
profession. The foregoing serves as a collective statement of goals of the Society and its constituency. Transforming these goals into realities will require the dedicated efforts of all institutional pharmacists, both as individuals and as members of the Society.

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