Remix education
pharmacystudy material

Hepatitis || Hepatitis, Causes, Types, Signs & Symptoms, Investigation, Treatment


IMF Liver Hepatitis || Hepatitis, Causes, Types, Signs & Symptoms, Investigation, Treatment

Inflammation of the liver are called hepatitis. 


* The main reason for this is viral infection.

* Apart from this there are some other reasons which are as follow-

  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Because of auto immune system


Hepatitis – A

The main reason for this is infection of Hepatitis – A virus which is caused by using contaminated food & water.

Hepatitis – B

It is spread through infection body fluid such as blood, vaginal secretion, semen in which hepatitis virus is present. 

Hepatitis B disease is spread by using infected injection, having sex with infected partner, sharing razor of infected person.

Hepatitis – C

The main cause of this is hepatitis – c virus is spread by direct contact with infected body fluids such as sexual intercourse, infected injection.

Hepatitis – D

The main cause of this is hepatitis – d virus which spread through direct contact with infected blood. It causes a serious liver disease.

Hepatitis – E

the main reason for this is hepatitis – e virus which spreads through contaminated water supply, poor sanitation.

Signs & Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Dark colored urine 
  • Pale stool
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • The color of the skin or eye becomes yellow.


(1) L. F. T.
(2) USG


* Complete bed rest should be given to the patient of hepatitis.

* Diet fat free and light diet should be given.

* Hepatotoxic drugs should not be used.

It is mostly seen that hepatitis B positive in jaundice patient get. In such a condition, treatment of jaundice should be done first. 

Acute Hepatitis – B Treatment

* Injection HapaRel (Hepatitis B immunoglobulin) should be applied to the muscle.

Its first dose applied on the first day and second dose after six months booster dose after five years.

Along with 

* Cap Essenvits (Essential phospholipids with vitamins) 1 Tablet should be taken daily for four to six months.

Chronic Hepatitis – B Treatment

If hepatitis B is positive even after the above treatment, then such patient should be given 

* Injection Intron A (Interferon Alpha 2b, Recombinant) Once a week for 16 weeks and 

* Tablet Lamivir HBV (Lamivudine 100 mg) 1 tablet daily.

Warning:- Do not take any medicine without the advice of a doctor or pharmacist.