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Pituitary, Thyroid, and Parathyroid Pharmacology MCQs

Pituitary, Thyroid, and Parathyroid Pharmacology MCQs With Answers

1. The absence of which pituitary hormone causes polyuria and polydipsia in diabetic patients?
a. Oxytocin.
b. Vasopressin.
c. Thyrotropin.
d. Growth hormone.

2. Which pituitary hormone can be used intravenously to stimulate uterine contractions?
a. Prolactin.
b. Oxytocin.
c. Vasopressin.
d. Growth hormone.

3. Thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone) is secreted from the
a. thyroid.
b. parathyroid.
c. anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
d. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland.

4. Which is the most common cause, globally, of thyroid disorders?
a. Goiter.
b. Graves’ disease.
c. Iodine deficiency.
d. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

5. Which is linked to hypothyroidism?
a. Nervousness and tremors.
b. Skeletal muscle weakness and wasting.
c. Increased risk of coronary artery disease.
d. Increase in appetite with decrease in body weight.

6. Which is the oldest treatment of thyroid disorders?
a. Iodide.
b. Thioamides.
c. Ionic inhibitors.
d. Radioactive iodine.

7. Hypothyroidism occurs in which percentage of women over 50 years of age?
a. 5% to 10%.
b. 15% to 20%.
c. 25% to 30%.
d. 35% to 40%.

8. Which drug is an example of an ionic inhibitor?
a. Calcitonin.
b. Perchlorate.
c. Methimazole.
d. Propylthiouracil.

9. Which tissues are primary targets of parathyroid hormone (PTH)?
a. Lung.
b. Bone.
c. Heart.
d. Brain.

10. Which bisphosphonate drug elicits the highest risk for osteonecrosis of the jaw?
a. Etidronate.
b. Risedronate.
c. Alendronate.
d. Zoledronic acid.