Remix education
pharmacystudy material

Raw Materials – Waxes and Gums:- PDF/PPT

Description

Subject:- herbal drug Technology

Semester:- 6th sem

Course:- Bachelor of Pharmacy B Pharmacy

       Course Code: BP603T
Course Title: Herbal Drug Technology



               Contents
                 • Waxes
                 • Gums




          wwww.remixeducation.in
        Raw Materials – Waxes and Gums

• At the end of this lecture, student will be able to:
   – Identify suitable raw materials for preparing herbal
     cosmetics

   – Explain the various waxes available for formulating herbal
     cosmetics

   – Explain the various gums available for formulating herbal
     cosmetics

                    wwww.remixeducation.in
                      Raw materials - Waxes
                           Bees wax – Oldest forms of wax

Biological source: Wax obtained from the honey comb of bees Apis

  melifera

Family : Apidae

Chemical constituents: Myricin, melissic acid

Uses: Used in oinments, lipsticks and face creams



                        wwww.remixeducation.in
                   Raw materials - Waxes
                            Spermaceti

Biological source: Waxy substance obtained from the head of sperm

  whale Physeter macrocephalus

Family : Physeteridae

Chemical constituents: Acetyl palmitate, free acetyl alcohol, esters of

  lauric, myristic and stearic acids

Uses : Used as emollient – ointments, cold creams
                         wwww.remixeducation.in
                   Raw materials - Waxes
                            Carnauba Wax

Biological source: Exudate from the pores of leaves of Brazilian wax

  palm tree Copernicia prunifera

Family : Palmae

Chemical constituents: Esters of hydroxylated fatty acids – carnuabic,

  cerotic and melissyl cerotate

Uses: Used in deplitories and deodarant sticks
                        wwww.remixeducation.in
                      Raw materials - Oils
                             Myrica Wax

Biological source: Wax obtained from the peels of berry of Myrica

  cerifera

Family : Myricaceae

Chemical constituents: Palmitic, myristic and lauric acid esters

Uses: Reducess the stickiness of creams and emulsion, used in hair

  care preparations – excellent holding properties
                         wwww.remixeducation.in
                      Raw materials - Wax
                             Rice bran wax

Biological source: vegetable wax extracted from the bran oil of rice

  Oryza sativa Family : Graminae

Chemical constituents: Aliphatic acids – palmitic acid, behenic acid

  and higher alcohol esters like ceryl alcohol, melissyl alcohol,

  squalene and phospholipids

Uses: Thickener, binding agent with strong emollient properties. Used

  in lipsticks, balms and sun screens
                        wwww.remixeducation.in
                    Raw materials - Gums

• Hydrophobic or hydrophilic high molecular weight molecules –
  colloidal properties

• Natural gums

• Prepared gums

Natural gums

1. Sea weed gum – agar, algin, carrageenan, laminaran

2. Plant exudates – Acacia, tragacanth, karaya, ghatti

3. Seed gums – Guar gum, isabgol, tamarind, locust bean gum,
   quince seed gum
                         wwww.remixeducation.in
                    Raw materials - Gums

• Hydrophobic or hydrophilic high molecular weight molecules –
  colloidal properties

• Natural gums

• Prepared gums

Natural gums

1. Sea weed gum – agar, algin, carrageenan, laminaran

2. Plant exudates – Acacia, tragacanth, karaya, ghatti

3. Seed gums – Guar gum, isabgol, tamarind, locust bean gum,
   quince seed gum
                         wwww.remixeducation.in
                    Raw materials - Gums
                             Carrageenan

• Biological source: Sulphated polysaccharide extract – sea weed –

  carageen or Irish mass – Gigartina stellata

• Family : Rodophyceae

• Uses: Hard lotion – Gelling, emulsifying and stabilizing agent

• Antitartar tooth paste

• Hair setting lotion
                           wwww.remixeducation.in
                   Raw materials - Gums
                           Gum Tracaganth

• Biological source: Dried gummy exudates – stem – Astragalus

  gummifer

• Family : Leguminosae

Chemical constituents: Tragcanthin – 8-10%, Bassorin – 60 -70%

Uses: Suspending, thickening and emulsifying agent – tooth paste,

  mascara, skin lotions, non greasy hair cream, barrier cream
                         wwww.remixeducation.in
                   Raw materials - Gums
                           Gum Acacia

• Biological source: Dried gummy exudate – stem and branches –

  Acacia senegal

• Family : Leguminosae

Chemical constituents: Arabinose, galactose, rhamnose, glyceronic

  acid

Uses: Suspending, thickening and emulsifying agent – barrier cream,

  face mask
                         wwww.remixeducation.in
                    Raw materials - Gums
                           Locust bean gum

• Biological source: Endosperm – seeds – Cerotina siliqua

• Family : Leguminosae

• Chemical constituents: D – galacto – D –Mannoglycan, 4% Pentan,

  oxidase and ceratoniase enzyme

• Uses: Binder, thickening agent, stabilising agent - cosmetics



                         wwww.remixeducation.in
                    Raw materials - Gums
                           Pectin

• Biological source: Purified carbohydrate – acid hydrolysis – inner

  portion – rind - Citrus peels – Citrus limonii or Citrus auranticum

• Family : Rutaceae

• Uses: Emulsifying and gelling agent - cosmetics




                        wwww.remixeducation.in
                    Raw materials - Gums
                             Xanthan gum

• Biological source: Fermentation – bacteria – Xanthomonas

  compestris on high molecular weight polysaccharides

• Chemical constituents: D – glucose, D – glucouronic acid and D -

  mannose

• Uses: Binder, thickening agent – cosmetics

Preparation of antitartar toothpaste and sunscreen preparation
                        wwww.remixeducation.in
                          Summary

• Bases – cosmetics – mixture of oils, fats and waxes


• Unctuous, fusible, viscous solid substances – waxy luster


• Esters – fatty acids – high molecular weight monohydric


  alcohol – cetyl alcohol and cholesterol

• Hydrophobic or hydrophilic high molecular weight molecules
  colloidal properties
                     wwww.remixeducation.in
Thank You
 www.remixeducation.in




    wwww.remixeducation.in

Leave a review