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Raw material- Oil and Waxes:- PPT/PDF

Description

Subject:- herbal drug Technology

Semester:- 6th sem

Course:- Bachelor of Pharmacy B Pharmacy

       Course Code: BP603T

Course Title: Herbal drug Technology

               Contents
                • Oils
                • Waxes




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          Raw Materials – Oil and Waxes

• At the end of this lecture, student will be able to:
   – Identify suitable raw materials for preparing herbal
     cosmetics

   – Explain the various oils available for formulating herbal
     cosmetics

   – Explain the various waxes available for formulating herbal
     cosmetics

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                      Raw materials - Oils
• Various fixed oils and volatile oils – base – various creams, lotions,

  hair conditioners, hair tonics

• Certain oils –therapeutic properties – tooth paste, mouth washes,

  gargles

• Oils - vegetable origin and mineral origin – cosmetics

• Mineral origin – Light and heavy liquid paraffin


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                      Raw materials - Oils
                          CASTOR OIL

Biological source: Fixed oil – cold compression – seeds –Ricinus

  communis

Family : Euphorbiaceae

Physical properties: Pale yellow /colorless, transparent viscous liquid

Mild odour and bland, slightly acrid taste


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                      Raw materials - Oils

• Chemical constituents: Trigycerides of Ricinoleic acid (87%), Oleic
  acid 7%, linoleic acid 3%, palmetic acid




• Uses: Cosmetics – emollient – lipsticks, hair oil and fixes, eye cream,
  rouge, stick eye shadow

         Topical creams and ointments – 5-12.5%

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                     Raw materials - Oils
                           Almond oil

Biological source: Fixed oil –expression – seeds – Prunus amygdalus

Family : Rosaceae

Chemical constituents: Glycerides of oleic acid (77%), linoleic acid,

  palmitic acid and myristic acid

Uses: Mild emollient – ingredient – cleansing cream, cold cream and

  eye cream
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                      Raw materials - Oils
                            Wheat germ oil

Biological source: Fixed oil – wheat germ – Triticum aestivum

Family : Graminae

Chemical constituents: 44 % - linoleic acid, 10 % linolic acid, 30 % oleic

  acid , 4.7% unsaponifiable matter

Uses: Source of natural vitamin E


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                       Raw materials - Oils
                            Arachis oil

Biological source: Fixed oil – expressed – seeds –cultivated varities –

  Arachis hypogaea

Family : Leguminosae

Chemical constituents: Fixed oil

Uses: Preparation – ointments, soaps, emollient, creams and baby oil


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                      Raw materials - Oils
                            Neem oil

Biological source: Fixed oil – fully matures seeds – Azadirachta indica

Family : Meliaceae

Chemical constituents: Glycerides of saturated and unsaturated fatty

  acids – oleic acid and stearic acid

Uses: Medicated soaps - skin diseases


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                   Raw materials - Waxes

• Bases – cosmetics – mixture of oils, fats and waxes


• Unctuous, fusible, viscous solid substances – waxy luster


• Esters – fatty acids – high molecular weight monohydric alcohol –


  cetyl alcohol and cholesterol




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                   Raw materials - Waxes
Commonly used waxes

• Carnauba wax

• Pisang wax

• Castor wax

• Candelilla wax

• Bees wax

• Spermaceti wax

• Paraffin wax


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                   Raw materials - Waxes
                            Carnauba wax

Biological source: Exudates – pores –brazilian wax palm tree-

  Copernicia prunifera

Family : Palmae

Chemical constituents: Hydroxylated fatty acids – carnuabic acid and

  cerotic acid

Uses: Hard wax – deodorant sticks and other cosmetics
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                           Summary

• Various fixed oils and volatile oils – base – various creams,

  lotions, hair conditioners, hair tonics

• Certain oils –therapeutic properties – tooth paste, mouth

  washes, gargles

• Bases – cosmetics – mixture of oils, fats and waxes



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